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Deuteronomy 5:17-19

Context
5:17 You must not murder. 1  5:18 You must not commit adultery. 5:19 You must not steal.

Deuteronomy 5:21

Context
5:21 You must not desire 2  another man’s 3  wife, nor should you crave his 4  house, his field, his male and female servants, his ox, his donkey, or anything else he owns.” 5 

1 tn Traditionally “kill” (so KJV, ASV, RSV, NAB). The verb here (רָצַח, ratsakh) is generic for homicide but in the OT both killing in war and capital punishment were permitted and even commanded (Deut 13:5, 9; 20:13, 16-17), so the technical meaning here is “murder.”

2 tn The Hebrew verb used here (חָמַד, khamad) is different from the one translated “crave” (אָוַה, ’avah) in the next line. The former has sexual overtones (“lust” or the like; cf. Song of Sol 2:3) whereas the latter has more the idea of a desire or craving for material things.

3 tn Heb “your neighbor’s.” See note on the term “fellow man” in v. 19.

4 tn Heb “your neighbor’s.” The pronoun is used in the translation for stylistic reasons.

5 tn Heb “or anything that is your neighbor’s.”



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