5:16 Honor 1 your father and your mother just as the Lord your God has commanded you to do, so that your days may be extended and that it may go well with you in the land that he 2 is about to give you. 5:17 You must not murder. 3 5:18 You must not commit adultery. 5:19 You must not steal. 5:20 You must not offer false testimony against another. 4 5:21 You must not desire 5 another man’s 6 wife, nor should you crave his 7 house, his field, his male and female servants, his ox, his donkey, or anything else he owns.” 8
1 tn The imperative here means, literally, “regard as heavy” (כַּבֵּד, kabbed). The meaning is that great importance must be ascribed to parents by their children.
3 tn Traditionally “kill” (so KJV, ASV, RSV, NAB). The verb here (רָצַח, ratsakh) is generic for homicide but in the OT both killing in war and capital punishment were permitted and even commanded (Deut 13:5, 9; 20:13, 16-17), so the technical meaning here is “murder.”
4 tn Heb “your neighbor.” Clearly this is intended generically, however, and not to be limited only to those persons who live nearby (frequently the way “neighbor” is understood in contemporary contexts). So also in v. 20.
5 tn The Hebrew verb used here (חָמַד, khamad) is different from the one translated “crave” (אָוַה, ’avah) in the next line. The former has sexual overtones (“lust” or the like; cf. Song of Sol 2:3) whereas the latter has more the idea of a desire or craving for material things.
7 tn Heb “your neighbor’s.” The pronoun is used in the translation for stylistic reasons.
8 tn Heb “or anything that is your neighbor’s.”