4:23 Be on guard so that you do not forget the covenant of the Lord your God that he has made with you, and that you do not make an image of any kind, just as he 1 has forbidden 2 you.
4:31 (for he 3 is a merciful God), he will not let you down 4 or destroy you, for he cannot 5 forget the covenant with your ancestors that he confirmed by oath to them.
5:2 The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. 5:3 He 6 did not make this covenant with our ancestors 7 but with us, we who are here today, all of us living now.
7:9 So realize that the Lord your God is the true God, 8 the faithful God who keeps covenant faithfully 9 with those who love him and keep his commandments, to a thousand generations,
8:18 You must remember the Lord your God, for he is the one who gives ability to get wealth; if you do this he will confirm his covenant that he made by oath to your ancestors, 12 even as he has to this day.
9:9 When I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant that the Lord made with you, I remained there 13 forty days and nights, eating and drinking nothing. 9:10 The Lord gave me the two stone tablets, written by the very finger 14 of God, and on them was everything 15 he 16 said to you at the mountain from the midst of the fire at the time of that assembly. 9:11 Now at the end of the forty days and nights the Lord presented me with the two stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant.
10:2 I will write on the tablets the same words 18 that were on the first tablets you broke, and you must put them into the ark.”
10:4 The Lord 19 then wrote on the tablets the same words, 20 the ten commandments, 21 which he 22 had spoken to you at the mountain from the middle of the fire at the time of that assembly, and he 23 gave them to me. 10:5 Then I turned, went down the mountain, and placed the tablets into the ark I had made – they are still there, just as the Lord commanded me.
10:8 At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi 24 to carry the ark of the Lord’s covenant, to stand before the Lord to serve him, and to formulate blessings 25 in his name, as they do to this very day.
17:2 Suppose a man or woman is discovered among you – in one of your villages 26 that the Lord your God is giving you – who sins before the Lord your God 27 and breaks his covenant
29:12 so that you may enter by oath into the covenant the Lord your God is making with you today. 31
29:14 It is not with you alone that I am making this covenant by oath, 29:15 but with whoever stands with us here today before the Lord our God as well as those not with us here today. 32
29:18 Beware that the heart of no man, woman, clan, or tribe among you turns away from the Lord our God today to pursue and serve the gods of those nations; beware that there is among you no root producing poisonous and bitter fruit. 33
29:21 The Lord will single him out 34 for judgment 35 from all the tribes of Israel according to all the curses of the covenant written in this scroll of the law.
29:25 Then people will say, “Because they abandoned the covenant of the Lord, the God of their ancestors, which he made with them when he brought them out of the land of Egypt.
31:9 Then Moses wrote down this law and gave it to the Levitical priests, who carry the ark of the Lord’s covenant, and to all Israel’s elders.
31:16 Then the Lord said to Moses, “You are about to die, 36 and then these people will begin to prostitute themselves with the foreign gods of the land into which they 37 are going. They 38 will reject 39 me and break my covenant that I have made with them. 40
31:20 For after I have brought them 41 to the land I promised to their 42 ancestors – one flowing with milk and honey – and they 43 eat their fill 44 and become fat, then they 45 will turn to other gods and worship them; they will reject me and break my covenant.
31:25 he 46 commanded the Levites who carried the ark of the Lord’s covenant, 31:26 “Take this scroll of the law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God. It will remain there as a witness against you,
and he did not acknowledge his own brothers
or know his own children,
for they kept your word,
and guarded your covenant.
2 tn Heb “commanded.”
4 tn Heb “he will not drop you,” i.e., “will not abandon you” (cf. NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT).
5 tn Or “will not.” The translation understands the imperfect verbal form to have an added nuance of capability here.
6 tn Heb “the
7 tn Heb “fathers.”
8 tn Heb “the God.” The article here expresses uniqueness; cf. TEV “is the only God”; NLT “is indeed God.”
9 tn Heb “who keeps covenant and loyalty.” The syndetic construction of בְּרִית (bÿrit) and חֶסֶד (khesed) should be understood not as “covenant” plus “loyalty” but as an adverbial construction in which חֶסֶד (“loyalty”) modifies the verb שָׁמַר (shamar, “keeps”).
11 tn Heb “which he swore on oath.” The relative pronoun modifies “covenant,” so one could translate “will keep faithfully the covenant (or promise) he made on oath to your ancestors.”
12 tc Smr and Lucian add “Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob,” the standard way of rendering this almost stereotypical formula (cf. Deut 1:8; 6:10; 9:5, 27; 29:13; 30:20; 34:4). The MT’s harder reading presumptively argues for its originality, however.
13 tn Heb “in the mountain.” The demonstrative pronoun has been used in the translation for stylistic reasons.
14 sn The very finger of God. This is a double figure of speech (1) in which God is ascribed human features (anthropomorphism) and (2) in which a part stands for the whole (synecdoche). That is, God, as Spirit, has no literal finger nor, if he had, would he write with his finger. Rather, the sense is that God himself – not Moses in any way – was responsible for the composition of the Ten Commandments (cf. Exod 31:18; 32:16; 34:1).
15 tn Heb “according to all the words.”
17 tn Heb “the mountain.” The translation uses a pronoun for stylistic reasons to avoid redundancy.
18 sn The same words. The care with which the replacement copy must be made underscores the importance of verbal precision in relaying the
19 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the
21 tn Heb “ten words.” The “Ten Commandments” are known in Hebrew as the “Ten Words,” which in Greek became the “Decalogue.”
22 tn Heb “the
23 tn Heb “the
24 sn The
26 tn Heb “gates.”
27 tn Heb “does the evil in the eyes of the
28 sn Beginning with 29:1, the verse numbers through 29:29 in the English Bible differ from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with 29:1 ET = 28:69 HT, 29:2 ET = 29:1 HT, 29:3 ET = 29:2 HT, etc., through 29:29 ET = 29:28 HT. With 30:1 the verse numbers in the ET and HT are again the same.
29 sn Horeb is another name for Mount Sinai (which some English versions substitute here for clarity, cf. NCV, TEV, CEV, NLT).
30 tn Heb “words.”
31 tn Heb “for you to pass on into the covenant of the Lord your God and into his oath, which the Lord your God is cutting with you today.”
32 tn This is interpreted by some English versions as a reference to generations not yet born (cf. TEV, CEV, NLT).
33 tn Heb “yielding fruit poisonous and wormwood.” The Hebrew noun לַעֲנָה (la’anah) literally means “wormwood” (so KJV, ASV, NAB, NASB), but is used figuratively for anything extremely bitter, thus here “fruit poisonous and bitter.”
34 tn Heb “set him apart.”
35 tn Heb “for evil”; NAB “for doom”; NASB “for adversity”; NIV “for disaster”; NRSV “for calamity.”
36 tn Heb “lie down with your fathers” (so NASB); NRSV “ancestors.”
37 tn Heb “he.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “they,” which is necessary in any case in the translation because of contemporary English style. The third person singular also occurs in the Hebrew text twice more in this verse, three times in v. 17, once in v. 18, five times in v. 20, and four times in v. 21. Each time it is translated as third person plural for stylistic reasons.
39 tn Or “abandon” (TEV, NLT).
44 tn Heb “and are satisfied.”
46 tn Heb “Moses.” The pronoun has been used in the translation for stylistic reasons to avoid redundancy.