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Deuteronomy 4:1

Context
The Privileges of the Covenant

4:1 Now, Israel, pay attention to the statutes and ordinances 1  I am about to teach you, so that you might live and go on to enter and take possession of the land that the Lord, the God of your ancestors, 2  is giving you.

Deuteronomy 8:1

Context
The Lord’s Provision in the Desert

8:1 You must keep carefully all these commandments 3  I am giving 4  you today so that you may live, increase in number, 5  and go in and occupy the land that the Lord promised to your ancestors. 6 

1 tn These technical Hebrew terms (חֻקִּים [khuqqim] and מִשְׁפָּטִים [mishpatim]) occur repeatedly throughout the Book of Deuteronomy to describe the covenant stipulations to which Israel had been called to subscribe (see, in this chapter alone, vv. 1, 5, 6, 8). The word חֻקִּים derives from the verb חֹק (khoq, “to inscribe; to carve”) and מִשְׁפָּטִים (mishpatim) from שָׁפַט (shafat, “to judge”). They are virtually synonymous and are used interchangeably in Deuteronomy.

2 tn Heb “fathers” (also in vv. 31, 37).

3 tn The singular term (מִצְוָה, mitsvah) includes the whole corpus of covenant stipulations, certainly the book of Deuteronomy at least (cf. Deut 5:28; 6:1, 25; 7:11; 11:8, 22; 15:5; 17:20; 19:9; 27:1; 30:11; 31:5). The plural (מִצְוֹת, mitsot) refers to individual stipulations (as in vv. 2, 6).

4 tn Heb “commanding” (so NASB). For stylistic reasons, to avoid redundancy, “giving” has been used in the translation (likewise in v. 11).

5 tn Heb “multiply” (so KJV, NASB, NLT); NIV, NRSV “increase.”

6 tn Heb “fathers” (also in vv. 16, 18).



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