3:2 The Lord, however, said to me, “Don’t be afraid of him because I have already given him, his whole army, 1 and his land to you. You will do to him exactly what you did to King Sihon of the Amorites who lived in Heshbon.”
3:11 Only King Og of Bashan was left of the remaining Rephaites. (It is noteworthy 2 that his sarcophagus 3 was made of iron. 4 Does it not, indeed, still remain in Rabbath 5 of the Ammonites? It is thirteen and a half feet 6 long and six feet 7 wide according to standard measure.) 8
1 tn Heb “people.”
2 tn Heb “Behold” (הִנֵּה, hinneh).
3 tn The Hebrew term עֶרֶשׂ (’eres), traditionally translated “bed” (cf. NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT) is likely a basaltic (volcanic) stone sarcophagus of suitable size to contain the coffin of the giant Rephaite king. Its iron-like color and texture caused it to be described as an iron container. See A. Millard, “King Og’s Iron Bed: Fact or Fancy?” BR 6 (1990): 16-21, 44; cf. also NEB “his sarcophagus of basalt”; TEV, CEV “his coffin.”
4 tn Or “of iron-colored basalt.” See note on the word “sarcophagus” earlier in this verse.
5 sn Rabbath. This place name (usually occurring as Rabbah; 2 Sam 11:11; 12:27; Jer 49:3) refers to the ancient capital of the Ammonite kingdom, now the modern city of Amman, Jordan. The word means “great [one],” probably because of its political importance. The fact that the sarcophagus “still remain[ed]” there suggests this part of the verse is post-Mosaic, having been added as a matter of explanation for the existence of the artifact and also to verify the claim as to its size.
6 tn Heb “nine cubits.” Assuming a length of 18 in (45 cm) for the standard cubit, this would be 13.5 ft (4.1 m) long.
7 tn Heb “four cubits.” This would be 6 ft (1.8 m) wide.
8 tn Heb “by the cubit of man.” This probably refers to the “short” or “regular” cubit of approximately 18 in (45 cm).