33:1 This is the blessing Moses the man of God pronounced upon the Israelites before his death.
33:13 Of Joseph he said:
May the Lord bless his land
with the harvest produced by the sky, 1 by the dew,
and by the depths crouching beneath;
and the harvest produced by the age-old hills;
33:16 with the harvest of the earth and its fullness
and the pleasure of him who resided in the burning bush. 6
May blessing rest on Joseph’s head,
and on the top of the head of the one set apart 7 from his brothers.
33:17 May the firstborn of his bull bring him honor,
and may his horns be those of a wild ox;
with them may he gore all peoples,
all the far reaches of the earth.
They are the ten thousands of Ephraim, 8
and they are the thousands of Manasseh.
1 tn Heb “from the harvest of the heavens.” The referent appears to be good crops produced by the rain that falls from the sky.
2 tn Heb “goings forth of the sun.”
3 tn Heb “and from the harvest of the yield of.” This has been simplified in the translation to avoid redundancy.
4 tn Heb “the moon.” Many English versions regard this as a reference to “months” (“moons”) rather than the moon itself (cf. NAB, NASB, NRSV, NLT).
5 tn Heb “head” or “top.”
6 tn The expression “him who resided in the bush” is frequently understood as a reference to the appearance of the Lord to Moses at Sinai from a burning bush (so NIV, NCV, TEV, CEV, NLT; cf. Exod 2:2-6; 3:2, 4). To make this reference clear the word “burning” is supplied in the translation.
7 sn This apparently refers to Joseph’s special status among his brothers as a result of his being chosen by God to save the family from the famine and to lead Egypt.
8 sn Ephraim and Manasseh were the sons of Joseph who became founders of the two tribes into which Joseph’s descendants were split (Gen 48:19-20). Jacob’s blessing granted favored status to Ephraim; this is probably why Ephraim is viewed here as more numerous than Manasseh.