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Deuteronomy 31:19

Context
31:19 Now write down for yourselves the following song and teach it to the Israelites. Put it into their very mouths so that this song may serve as my witness against the Israelites!

Deuteronomy 31:21-22

Context
31:21 Then when 1  many disasters and distresses overcome them 2  this song will testify against them, 3  for their 4  descendants will not forget it. 5  I know the 6  intentions they have in mind 7  today, even before I bring them 8  to the land I have promised.” 31:22 So on that day Moses wrote down this song and taught it to the Israelites,

Deuteronomy 30:1-20

Context
The Results of Covenant Reaffirmation

30:1 “When you have experienced all these things, both the blessings and the curses 9  I have set before you, you will reflect upon them 10  in all the nations where the Lord your God has banished you. 30:2 Then if you and your descendants 11  turn to the Lord your God and obey him with your whole mind and being 12  just as 13  I am commanding you today, 30:3 the Lord your God will reverse your captivity and have pity on you. He will turn and gather you from all the peoples among whom he 14  has scattered you. 30:4 Even if your exiles are in the most distant land, 15  from there the Lord your God will gather you and bring you back. 30:5 Then he 16  will bring you to the land your ancestors 17  possessed and you also will possess it; he will do better for you and multiply you more than he did your ancestors. 30:6 The Lord your God will also cleanse 18  your heart and the hearts of your descendants 19  so that you may love him 20  with all your mind and being and so that you may live. 30:7 Then the Lord your God will put all these curses on your enemies, on those who hate you and persecute you. 30:8 You will return and obey the Lord, keeping all his commandments I am giving 21  you today. 30:9 The Lord your God will make the labor of your hands 22  abundantly successful and multiply your children, 23  the offspring of your cattle, and the produce of your soil. For the Lord your God will once more 24  rejoice over you to make you prosperous 25  just as he rejoiced over your ancestors, 30:10 if you obey the Lord your God and keep his commandments and statutes that are written in this scroll of the law. But you must turn to him 26  with your whole mind and being.

Exhortation to Covenant Obedience

30:11 “This commandment I am giving 27  you today is not too difficult for you, nor is it too remote. 30:12 It is not in heaven, as though one must say, “Who will go up to heaven to get it for us and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?” 30:13 And it is not across the sea, as though one must say, “Who will cross over to the other side of the sea and get it for us and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?” 30:14 For the thing is very near you – it is in your mouth and in your mind 28  so that you can do it.

30:15 “Look! I have set before you today life and prosperity on the one hand, and death and disaster on the other. 30:16 What 29  I am commanding you today is to love the Lord your God, to walk in his ways, and to obey his commandments, his statutes, and his ordinances. Then you will live and become numerous and the Lord your God will bless you in the land which you are about to possess. 30  30:17 However, if you 31  turn aside and do not obey, but are lured away to worship and serve other gods, 30:18 I declare to you this very day that you will certainly 32  perish! You will not extend your time in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess. 33  30:19 Today I invoke heaven and earth as a witness against you that I have set life and death, blessing and curse, before you. Therefore choose life so that you and your descendants may live! 30:20 I also call on you 34  to love the Lord your God, to obey him and be loyal to him, for he gives you life and enables you to live continually 35  in the land the Lord promised to give to your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.”

Deuteronomy 32:44

Context
Narrative Interlude

32:44 Then Moses went with Joshua 36  son of Nun and recited all the words of this song to the people.

1 tn Heb “Then it will come to pass that.”

2 tn Heb “him.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “them.” See note on the first occurrence of “they” in v. 16.

3 tn Heb “him.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “them.” See note on the first occurrence of “they” in v. 16.

4 tn Heb “his.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “their.” See note on the first occurrence of “they” in v. 16.

5 tn Heb “it will not be forgotten from the mouth of his seed.”

6 tn Heb “his.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “their.” See note on the first occurrence of “they” in v. 16.

7 tn Heb “which he is doing.”

8 tn Heb “him.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “them.” See note on the first occurrence of “they” in v. 16.

9 tn Heb “the blessing and the curse.”

10 tn Heb “and you bring (them) back to your heart.”

11 tn Heb “sons” (so NASB); KJV, ASV, NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT “children.”

12 tn Or “heart and soul” (also in vv. 6, 10).

13 tn Heb “according to all.”

14 tn Heb “the Lord your God.” The pronoun has been used in the translation for stylistic reasons to avoid redundancy.

15 tn Heb “are at the farthest edge of the heavens.” The Hebrew term שָׁמַיִם (shamayim) may be translated “heaven(s)” or “sky” depending on the context.

16 tn Heb “the Lord your God.” See note on the second occurrence of the word “he” in v. 3.

17 tn Heb “fathers” (also later in this verse and in vv. 9, 20).

18 tn Heb “circumcise” (so KJV, NAB, NIV, NRSV); TEV “will give you and your descendents obedient hearts.” See note on the word “cleanse” in Deut 10:16.

19 tn Heb “seed” (so KJV, ASV).

20 tn Heb “the Lord your God.” See note on the second occurrence of the word “he” in v. 3.

21 tn Heb “commanding”; NAB “which I now enjoin on you.”

22 tc The MT reads “hand” (singular). Most versions read the plural.

23 tn Heb “the fruit of your womb” (so NAB, NIV); NRSV “of your body.”

24 tn Heb “return and.” The Hebrew verb is used idiomatically here to indicate the repetition of the following action.

25 tn The Hebrew text includes “for good.”

26 tn Heb “to the Lord your God.” See note on the second occurrence of the word “he” in v. 3.

27 tn Heb “commanding”; NAB “which I enjoin on you.”

28 tn Heb “heart.”

29 tc A number of LXX mss insert before this verse, “if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God,” thus translating אֲשֶׁר (’asher) as “which” and the rest as “I am commanding you today, to love,” etc., “then you will live,” etc.

30 tn Heb “which you are going there to possess it.” This has been simplified in the translation for stylistic reasons.

31 tn Heb “your heart,” as a metonymy for the person.

32 tn The Hebrew text uses the infinitive absolute for emphasis, which the translation indicates with “certainly.”

33 tn Heb “to go there to possess it.”

34 tn The words “I also call on you” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons. In the Hebrew text vv. 19-20 are one long sentence, which the translation divides into two.

35 tn Heb “he is your life and the length of your days to live.”

36 tn Heb “Hoshea” (so KJV, ASV), another name for the same individual (cf. Num 13:8, 16).



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