2:30 But King Sihon of Heshbon was unwilling to allow us to pass near him because the Lord our 1 God had made him obstinate 2 and stubborn 3 so that he might deliver him over to you 4 this very day. 2:31 The Lord said to me, “Look! I have already begun to give over Sihon and his land to you. Start right now to take his land as your possession.” 2:32 When Sihon and all his troops 5 emerged to encounter us in battle at Jahaz, 6 2:33 the Lord our God delivered him over to us and we struck him down, along with his sons 7 and everyone else. 8 2:34 At that time we seized all his cities and put every one of them 9 under divine judgment, 10 including even the women and children; we left no survivors. 2:35 We kept only the livestock and plunder from the cities for ourselves. 2:36 From Aroer, 11 which is at the edge of Wadi Arnon (it is the city in the wadi), 12 all the way to Gilead there was not a town able to resist us – the Lord our God gave them all to us.
1 tc The translation follows the LXX in reading the first person pronoun. The MT, followed by many English versions, has a second person masculine singular pronoun, “your.”
2 tn Heb “hardened his spirit” (so KJV, NASB, NRSV); NIV “made his spirit stubborn.”
3 tn Heb “made his heart obstinate” (so KJV, NASB); NRSV “made his heart defiant.”
4 tn Heb “into your hand.”
5 tn Heb “people.”
6 sn Jahaz. This is probably Khirbet el-Medeiyineh. See J. Dearman, “The Levitical Cities of Reuben and Moabite Toponymy,” BASOR 276 (1984): 55-57.
7 tc The translation follows the Qere or marginal reading; the Kethib (consonantal text) has the singular, “his son.”
8 tn Heb “all his people.”
9 tn Heb “every city of men.” This apparently identifies the cities as inhabited.
10 tn Heb “under the ban” (נַחֲרֵם, nakharem). The verb employed is חָרַם (kharam, usually in the Hiphil) and the associated noun is חֵרֶם (kherem). See J. Naudé, NIDOTTE, 2:276-77, and, for a more thorough discussion, Susan Niditch, War in the Hebrew Bible, 28-77.
sn Divine judgment refers to God’s designation of certain persons, places, and things as objects of his special wrath and judgment because, in his omniscience, he knows them to be impure and hopelessly unrepentant.
12 tn Heb “the city in the wadi.” This enigmatic reference may refer to Ar or, more likely, to Aroer itself. Epexegetically the text might read, “From Aroer…, that is, the city in the wadi.” See D. L. Christensen, Deuteronomy 1–11 (WBC), 49.