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Deuteronomy 22:30

Context

22:30 (23:1) 1  A man may not marry 2  his father’s former 3  wife and in this way dishonor his father. 4 

Deuteronomy 27:20

Context
27:20 ‘Cursed is the one who has sexual relations with 5  his father’s former wife, 6  for he dishonors his father.’ 7  Then all the people will say, ‘Amen!’

1 sn Beginning with 22:30, the verse numbers through 23:25 in the English Bible differ from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with 22:30 ET = 23:1 HT, 23:1 ET = 23:2 HT, 23:2 ET = 23:3 HT, etc., through 23:25 ET = 23:26 HT. With 24:1 the verse numbers in the ET and HT are again the same.

2 tn Heb “take.” In context this refers to marriage, as in the older English expression “take a wife.”

3 sn This presupposes either the death of the father or their divorce since it would be impossible for one to marry his stepmother while his father was still married to her.

4 tn Heb “uncover his father’s skirt” (so ASV, NASB). This appears to be a circumlocution for describing the dishonor that would come to a father by having his own son share his wife’s sexuality (cf. NAB, NIV “dishonor his father’s bed”).

5 tn Heb “who lies with” (so NASB, NRSV); also in vv. 22, 23. This is a Hebrew idiom for having sexual relations (cf. NIV “who sleeps with”; NLT “who has sexual intercourse with”).

6 tn See note at Deut 22:30.

7 tn Heb “he uncovers his father’s skirt” (NASB similar). See note at Deut 22:30.



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