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Deuteronomy 1:6-17

Context
Events at Horeb

1:6 The Lord our God spoke to us at Horeb and said, “You have stayed 1  in the area of this mountain long enough. 1:7 Get up now, 2  resume your journey, heading for 3  the Amorite hill country, to all its areas 4  including the arid country, 5  the highlands, the Shephelah, 6  the Negev, 7  and the coastal plain – all of Canaan and Lebanon as far as the Great River, that is, the Euphrates. 1:8 Look! I have already given the land to you. 8  Go, occupy the territory that I, 9  the Lord, promised 10  to give to your ancestors 11  Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and to their descendants.” 12  1:9 I also said to you at that time, “I am no longer able to sustain you by myself. 1:10 The Lord your God has increased your population 13  to the point that you are now as numerous as the very stars of the sky. 14  1:11 Indeed, may the Lord, the God of your ancestors, make you a thousand times more numerous than you are now, blessing you 15  just as he said he would! 1:12 But how can I alone bear up under the burden of your hardship and strife? 1:13 Select wise and practical 16  men, those known among your tribes, whom I may appoint as your leaders.” 1:14 You replied to me that what I had said to you was good. 1:15 So I chose 17  as your tribal leaders wise and well-known men, placing them over you as administrators of groups of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens, and also as other tribal officials. 1:16 I furthermore admonished your judges at that time that they 18  should pay attention to issues among your fellow citizens 19  and judge fairly, 20  whether between one citizen and another 21  or a citizen and a resident foreigner. 22  1:17 They 23  must not discriminate in judgment, but hear the lowly 24  and the great alike. Nor should they be intimidated by human beings, for judgment belongs to God. If the matter being adjudicated is too difficult for them, they should bring it before me for a hearing.

1 tn Heb “lived”; “dwelled.”

2 tn Heb “turn”; NAB “Leave here”; NIV, TEV “Break camp.”

3 tn Heb “go (to).”

4 tn Heb “its dwelling places.”

5 tn Heb “the Arabah” (so ASV, NAB, NIV, NRSV).

6 tn Heb “lowlands” (so TEV) or “steppes”; NIV, CEV, NLT “the western foothills.”

sn The Shephelah is the geographical region between the Mediterranean coastal plain and the Judean hill country.

7 sn The Hebrew term Negev means literally “desert” or “south” (so KJV, ASV). It refers to the area south of Beer Sheba and generally west of the Arabah Valley between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba.

8 tn Heb “I have placed before you the land.”

9 tn Heb “the Lord.” Since the Lord is speaking, it is preferable for clarity to supply the first person pronoun in the translation.

10 tn Heb “swore” (so NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT). This refers to God’s promise, made by solemn oath, to give the patriarchs the land.

11 tn Heb “fathers” (also in vv. 11, 21, 35).

12 tn Heb “their seed after them.”

13 tn Heb “multiplied you.”

14 tn Or “heavens.” The Hebrew term שָׁמַיִם (shamayim) may be translated “heaven(s)” or “sky” depending on the context.

15 tn Heb “may he bless you.”

16 tn The Hebrew verb נְבֹנִים (nÿvonim, from בִּין [bin]) is a Niphal referring to skill or intelligence (see T. Fretheim, NIDOTTE 1:652-53).

17 tn Or “selected”; Heb “took.”

18 tn Or “you.” A number of English versions treat the remainder of this verse and v. 17 as direct discourse rather than indirect discourse (cf. KJV, NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT).

19 tn Heb “brothers.” The term “brothers” could, in English, be understood to refer to siblings, so “fellow citizens” has been used in the translation.

20 tn The Hebrew word צֶדֶק (tsedeq, “fairly”) carries the basic idea of conformity to a norm of expected behavior or character, one established by God himself. Fair judgment adheres strictly to that norm or standard (see D. Reimer, NIDOTTE 3:750).

21 tn Heb “between a man and his brother.”

22 tn Heb “his stranger” or “his sojourner”; NAB, NIV “an alien”; NRSV “resident alien.” The Hebrew word גֵּר (ger) commonly means “foreigner.”

23 tn Heb “you,” and throughout the verse (cf. NASB, NRSV).

24 tn Heb “the small,” but referring to social status, not physical stature.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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