13:6 Suppose your own full brother, 1 your son, your daughter, your beloved wife, or your closest friend should seduce you secretly and encourage you to go and serve other gods 2 that neither you nor your ancestors 3 have previously known, 4
17:7 The witnesses 5 must be first to begin the execution, and then all the people 6 are to join in afterward. In this way you will purge evil from among you.
17:12 The person who pays no attention 7 to the priest currently serving the Lord your God there, or to the verdict – that person must die, so that you may purge evil from Israel.
21:21 Then all the men of his city must stone him to death. In this way you will purge out 8 wickedness from among you, and all Israel 9 will hear about it and be afraid.
22:21 the men of her city must bring the young woman to the door of her father’s house and stone her to death, for she has done a disgraceful thing 10 in Israel by behaving like a prostitute while living in her father’s house. In this way you will purge 11 evil from among you.
22:22 If a man is caught having sexual relations with 12 a married woman 13 both the man who had relations with the woman and the woman herself must die; in this way you will purge 14 evil from Israel.
22:24 you must bring the two of them to the gate of that city and stone them to death, the young woman because she did not cry out though in the city and the man because he violated 15 his neighbor’s fiancée; 16 in this way you will purge 17 evil from among you.
24:7 If a man is found kidnapping a person from among his fellow Israelites, 18 and regards him as mere property 19 and sells him, that kidnapper 20 must die. In this way you will purge 21 evil from among you.
1 tn Heb “your brother, the son of your mother.” In a polygamous society it was not rare to have half brothers and sisters by way of a common father and different mothers.
2 tn In the Hebrew text these words are in the form of a brief quotation: “entice you secretly saying, ‘Let us go and serve other gods.’”
5 tn Heb “the hand of the witnesses.” This means the two or three witnesses are to throw the first stones (cf. NCV, TEV, CEV, NLT).
6 tn Heb “the hand of all the people.”
7 tn Heb “who acts presumptuously not to listen” (cf. NASB).
8 tn The Hebrew term בִּעַרְתָּה (bi’artah), here and elsewhere in such contexts (cf. Deut 13:5; 17:7, 12; 19:19; 21:9), suggests God’s anger which consumes like fire (thus בָעַר, ba’ar, “to burn”). See H. Ringgren, TDOT 2:203-4.
9 tc Some LXX traditions read הַנִּשְׁאָרִים (hannish’arim, “those who remain”) for the MT’s יִשְׂרָאֵל (yisra’el, “Israel”), understandable in light of Deut 19:20. However, the more difficult reading found in the MT is more likely original.
10 tn The Hebrew term נְבָלָה (nÿvalah) means more than just something stupid. It refers to a moral lapse so serious as to jeopardize the whole covenant community (cf. Gen 34:7; Judg 19:23; 20:6, 10; Jer 29:23). See C. Pan, NIDOTTE 3:11-13. Cf. NAB “she committed a crime against Israel.”
12 tn Heb “lying with” (so KJV, NASB), a Hebrew idiom for sexual relations.
13 tn Heb “a woman married to a husband.”
15 tn Heb “humbled.”
16 tn Heb “wife.”
18 tn Heb “from his brothers, from the sons of Israel.” The terms “brothers” and “sons of Israel” are in apposition; the second defines the first more specifically.
19 tn Or “and enslaves him.”
20 tn Heb “that thief.”