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Daniel 9:5-11

Context
9:5 we have sinned! We have done what is wrong and wicked; we have rebelled by turning away from your commandments and standards. 9:6 We have not paid attention to your servants the prophets, who spoke by your authority 1  to our kings, our leaders, and our ancestors, 2  and to all the inhabitants 3  of the land as well.

9:7 “You are righteous, 4  O Lord, but we are humiliated this day 5  – the people 6  of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far away in all the countries in which you have scattered them, because they have behaved unfaithfully toward you. 9:8 O LORD, we have been humiliated 7  – our kings, our leaders, and our ancestors – because we have sinned against you. 9:9 Yet the Lord our God is compassionate and forgiving, 8  even though we have rebelled against him. 9:10 We have not obeyed 9  the LORD our God by living according to 10  his laws 11  that he set before us through his servants the prophets.

9:11 “All Israel has broken 12  your law and turned away by not obeying you. 13  Therefore you have poured out on us the judgment solemnly threatened 14  in the law of Moses the servant of God, for we have sinned against you. 15 

1 tn Heb “in your name.” Another option is to translate, “as your representatives.”

2 tn Heb “our fathers” (also in vv. 8, 16). The Hebrew term translated “father” can refer to more distant relationships such as grandfathers or ancestors.

3 tn Heb “people.”

4 tn Heb “to you (belongs) righteousness.”

5 tn Heb “and to us (belongs) shame of face like this day.”

6 tn Heb “men.”

7 tn Heb “to us (belongs) shame of face.”

8 tn Heb “to the Lord our God (belong) compassion and forgiveness.”

9 tn Heb “paid attention to the voice of,” which is an idiomatic expression for obedience (cf. NASB “nor have we obeyed the voice of”).

10 tn Heb “to walk in.”

11 tc The LXX and Vulgate have the singular.

12 tn Or “transgressed.” The Hebrew verb has the primary sense of crossing a boundary, in this case, God’s law.

13 tn Heb “by not paying attention to your voice.”

14 tn Heb “the curse and the oath which is written.” The term “curse” refers here to the judgments threatened in the Mosaic law (see Deut 28) for rebellion. The expression “the curse and the oath” is probably a hendiadys (cf. Num 5:21; Neh 10:29) referring to the fact that the covenant with its threatened judgments was ratified by solemn oath and made legally binding upon the covenant community.

15 tn Heb “him.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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