11:9 Then the king of the north 1 will advance against the empire of the king of the south, but will withdraw to his own land. 11:10 His sons 2 will wage war, mustering a large army which will advance like an overflowing river and carrying the battle all the way to the enemy’s 3 fortress. 4
11:11 “Then the king of the south 5 will be enraged and will march out to fight against the king of the north, who will also muster a large army, but that army will be delivered into his hand. 11:12 When the army is taken away, the king of the south will become arrogant. 6 He will be responsible for the death 7 of thousands and thousands of people, 8 but he will not continue to prevail.
11:24 In a time of prosperity for the most productive areas of the province he will come and accomplish what neither his fathers nor their fathers accomplished. He will distribute loot, spoils, and property to his followers, and he will devise plans against fortified cities, but not for long. 9 11:25 He will rouse his strength and enthusiasm 10 against the king of the south 11 with a large army. The king of the south will wage war with a large and very powerful army, but he will not be able to prevail because of the plans devised against him.
1 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the king of the north) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
2 sn The sons of Seleucus II Callinicus were Seleucus III Ceraunus (ca. 227-223
3 tn Heb “his”; the referent (the enemy of the king of the north) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
4 tn Heb “and he will certainly come and overflow and cross over and return and be aroused unto a fortress.” The translation has attempted to simplify the syntax of this difficult sequence.
5 sn This king of the south refers to Ptolemy IV Philopator (ca. 221-204
6 tn Heb “his heart will be lifted up.” The referent (the king of the south) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
7 tn Heb “cause to fall.”
8 tn Heb “of myriads.”
9 tn Heb “and unto a time.”
10 tn Heb “heart.”
11 sn This king of the south was Ptolemy Philometer (ca. 181-145