11:3 Then a powerful king 1 will arise, exercising great authority and doing as he pleases.
1 sn The powerful king mentioned here is Alexander the Great (ca. 336-323
2 sn The king of the south is Ptolemy I Soter (ca. 323-285
3 tn Heb “princes.”
4 tn Heb “and he”; the referent (the subordinate prince mentioned in the previous clause) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
5 tn Heb “be strong against.”
6 tn Heb “greater than his kingdom.”