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Amos 3:9

Context
Samaria Will Fall

3:9 Make this announcement in 1  the fortresses of Ashdod

and in the fortresses in the land of Egypt.

Say this:

“Gather on the hills around Samaria! 2 

Observe the many acts of violence 3  taking place within the city, 4 

the oppressive deeds 5  occurring in it.” 6 

1 tn Heb “on” or “over” (also later in this verse).

2 sn Samaria might refer here both to the region and to the capital city (later known as Sebaste). On the other hand, there actually are hills that surround the mound upon which the city was built. The implication is that the nations can come and sit and see from those hills the sin of the capital city and its judgment.

map For location of the city see Map2 B1; Map4 D3; Map5 E2; Map6 A4; Map7 C1.

3 tn The Hebrew noun carries the nuance of “panic” or “confusion.” Here it refers metonymically to the violent deeds that terrorize the oppressed.

4 tn Heb “in her midst” (so NAB, NASB); NIV “among her people.”

5 tn The translation assumes the form is an abstract plural (see Job 35:9; Eccl 4:1). Another option is to understand the form as a substantival passive participle and translate, “the oppressed” (so KJV).

6 tn Heb “within her.”



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