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Acts 9:38-40

Context
9:38 Because Lydda 1  was near Joppa, when the disciples heard that Peter was there, they sent two men to him and urged him, “Come to us without delay.” 2  9:39 So Peter got up and went with them, and 3  when he arrived 4  they brought him to the upper room. All 5  the widows stood beside him, crying and showing him 6  the tunics 7  and other clothing 8  Dorcas used to make 9  while she was with them. 9:40 But Peter sent them all outside, 10  knelt down, 11  and prayed. Turning 12  to the body, he said, “Tabitha, get up.” Then she opened her eyes, and when she saw Peter, she sat up. 13 

1 sn Lydda was a city northwest of Jerusalem on the way to Joppa.

2 tn Grk “Do not delay to come to us.” It is somewhat smoother to say in English, “Come to us without delay.”

3 tn Grk “who.” The relative clause makes for awkward English style here, so the following clause was made coordinate with the conjunction “and” supplied in place of the Greek relative pronoun.

4 tn The participle παραγενόμενον (paragenomenon) is taken temporally.

5 tn Grk “and all.” Because of the length of the Greek sentence, the conjunction καί (kai) has not been translated here. Instead a new English sentence is begun.

6 tn The word “him” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context, but must be supplied for the modern English reader.

7 tn Or “shirts” (a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin). The name for this garment (χιτών, citwn) presents some difficulty in translation. Most modern readers would not understand what a ‘tunic’ was any more than they would be familiar with a ‘chiton.’ On the other hand attempts to find a modern equivalent are also a problem: “shirt” conveys the idea of a much shorter garment that covers only the upper body, and “undergarment” (given the styles of modern underwear) is more misleading still. “Tunic” was therefore employed, but with a note to explain its nature.

8 tn Grk “and garments,” referring here to other types of clothing besides the tunics just mentioned.

9 tn The verb ἐποίει (epoiei) has been translated as a customary imperfect.

10 tn Grk “Peter, sending them all outside, knelt down.” The participle ἐκβαλών (ekbalwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

11 tn Grk “and kneeling down,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more. Instead the “and” is placed before the verb προσηύξατο (proshuxato, “and prayed”). The participle θείς (qeis) is taken as a participle of attendant circumstance.

12 tn Grk “and turning.” Because of the length of the Greek sentence, the conjunction καί (kai) has not been translated here. Instead a new English sentence is begun.

13 sn She sat up. This event is told much like Luke 8:49-56 and Mark 5:35-43. Peter’s ministry mirrored that of Jesus.



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