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Acts 9:13-20

Context
9:13 But Ananias replied, 1  “Lord, I have heard from many people 2  about this man, how much harm he has done to your saints in Jerusalem, 9:14 and here he has authority from the chief priests to imprison 3  all who call on your name!” 4  9:15 But the Lord said to him, “Go, because this man is my chosen instrument 5  to carry my name before Gentiles and kings and the people of Israel. 6  9:16 For I will show him how much he must suffer for the sake of my name.” 7  9:17 So Ananias departed and entered the house, placed 8  his hands on Saul 9  and said, “Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus, who appeared to you on the road as you came here, 10  has sent me so that you may see again and be filled with the Holy Spirit.” 11  9:18 Immediately 12  something like scales 13  fell from his eyes, and he could see again. He 14  got up and was baptized, 9:19 and after taking some food, his strength returned.

For several days 15  he was with the disciples in Damascus, 9:20 and immediately he began to proclaim Jesus in the synagogues, 16  saying, “This man is the Son of God.” 17 

1 sn Ananias replied. Past events might have suggested to Ananias that this was not good counsel, but like Peter in Acts 10, Ananias’ intuitions were wrong.

2 tn The word “people” is not in the Greek text, but is implied.

3 tn Grk “to bind.”

4 sn The expression “those who call on your name” is a frequent description of believers (Acts 2:21; 1 Cor 1:2; Rom 10:13).

5 tn Or “tool.”

6 tn Grk “the sons of Israel.” In Acts, Paul is a minister to all nations, including Israel (Rom 1:16-17).

7 tn Or “because of my name.” BDAG 1031 s.v. ὑπέρ 2 lists Acts 9:16 as an example of ὑπέρ (Juper) used to indicate “the moving cause or reason, because of, for the sake of, for.”

8 tn Grk “and placing his hands on Saul, he said.” The participle ἐπιθείς (epiqei") has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style. For the same reason καί (kai) has not been translated before the participle.

9 tn Grk “on him”; the referent (Saul) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

10 tn Grk “on the road in which you came,” but the relative clause makes for awkward English style, so it was translated as a temporal clause (“as you came here”).

11 sn Be filled with the Holy Spirit. Here someone who is not an apostle (Ananias) commissions another person with the Spirit.

12 tn Grk “And immediately.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

13 tn The comparison to “scales” suggests a crusty covering which peeled away (cf. BDAG 592 s.v. λεπίς 2).

14 tn Grk “and he.” Because of the length of the Greek sentence, the conjunction καί (kai) has not been translated here. Instead a new English sentence was started, with “and” placed before the final element of the previous clause as required by English style.

15 tn Grk “It happened that for several days.” The introductory phrase ἐγένετο (egeneto, “it happened that”), common in Luke (69 times) and Acts (54 times), is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.

16 sn See the note on synagogue in 6:9.

17 tn The ὅτι (Joti) is understood to introduce direct (“This man is the Son of God”) rather than indirect discourse (“that this man is the Son of God”) because the pronoun οὗτος (Jouto") combined with the present tense verb ἐστιν (estin) suggests the contents of what was proclaimed are a direct (albeit summarized) quotation.

sn This is the only use of the title Son of God in Acts. The book prefers to allow a variety of descriptions to present Jesus.



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