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Acts 9:1

Context
The Conversion of Saul

9:1 Meanwhile Saul, still breathing out threats 1  to murder 2  the Lord’s disciples, went to the high priest

Acts 9:19-21

Context
9:19 and after taking some food, his strength returned.

For several days 3  he was with the disciples in Damascus, 9:20 and immediately he began to proclaim Jesus in the synagogues, 4  saying, “This man is the Son of God.” 5  9:21 All 6  who heard him were amazed and were saying, “Is this not 7  the man who in Jerusalem was ravaging 8  those who call on this name, and who had come here to bring them as prisoners 9  to the chief priests?”

1 tn Or “Saul, making dire threats.”

2 tn The expression “breathing out threats and murder” is an idiomatic expression for “making threats to murder” (see L&N 33.293). Although the two terms “threats” and “murder” are syntactically coordinate, the second is semantically subordinate to the first. In other words, the content of the threats is to murder the disciples.

3 tn Grk “It happened that for several days.” The introductory phrase ἐγένετο (egeneto, “it happened that”), common in Luke (69 times) and Acts (54 times), is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.

4 sn See the note on synagogue in 6:9.

5 tn The ὅτι (Joti) is understood to introduce direct (“This man is the Son of God”) rather than indirect discourse (“that this man is the Son of God”) because the pronoun οὗτος (Jouto") combined with the present tense verb ἐστιν (estin) suggests the contents of what was proclaimed are a direct (albeit summarized) quotation.

sn This is the only use of the title Son of God in Acts. The book prefers to allow a variety of descriptions to present Jesus.

6 tn Grk “And all.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

7 tn The Greek interrogative particle used in this verse (οὐχ, ouc) expects a positive reply. They all knew about Saul’s persecutions.

8 tn Normally, “destroying,” but compare 4 Macc 4:23; 11:4 and MM 529 s.v. πορθέω for examples from Koine papyri. See also BDAG 853 s.v. πορθέω.

9 tn Grk “bring them bound”; the translation “bring someone as prisoner” for δεδεμένον ἄγειν τινά (dedemenon agein tina) is given by BDAG 221 s.v. δέω 1.b.



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