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Acts 5:42

Context
5:42 And every day both in the temple courts 1  and from house to house, they did not stop teaching and proclaiming the good news 2  that Jesus was the Christ. 3 

Acts 8:5

Context
8:5 Philip went down to the main city of Samaria 4  and began proclaiming 5  the Christ 6  to them.

Acts 9:22

Context
9:22 But Saul became more and more capable, 7  and was causing consternation 8  among the Jews who lived in Damascus by proving 9  that Jesus 10  is the Christ. 11 

Acts 18:5

Context

18:5 Now when Silas and Timothy arrived 12  from Macedonia, 13  Paul became wholly absorbed with proclaiming 14  the word, testifying 15  to the Jews that Jesus was the Christ. 16 

1 tn Grk “temple.” This is actually a reference to the courts surrounding the temple proper and has been translated accordingly.

2 tn Grk “teaching and evangelizing.” They were still obeying God, not men (see 4:18-20; 5:29).

3 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.

4 tn The word “main” is supplied in the translation to clarify that “Samaria” is not the name of the city (at least in NT times). See both BDAG 912 s.v. Σαμάρεια, and L&N 93.568.

sn The main city of Samaria most likely refers to the principal city of Samaria, rebuilt by Herod the Great as Sebaste in honor of Augustus (J. Boehmer, “Studien zur Geographie Palästinas bes. im Neuen Testament,” ZNW 9 [1908]: 216-18; D. Gill and C. Gempf, eds., The Book of Acts in its Graeco-Roman Setting, 272). This is the best option if the article before “city” is taken as original. If the reading without the article is taken as original, then another city may be in view: Gitta, the hometown of Simon Magus according to Justin Martyr (cf. C. K. Barrett, Acts [ICC], 1:402-3; F. F. Bruce, Acts [NICNT], 165).

5 tn The imperfect ἐκήρυσσεν (ekhrussen) has been translated as an ingressive, since this is probably the first time such preaching took place.

6 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.

7 tn Grk “was becoming stronger,” but this could be understood in a physical sense, while the text refers to Saul’s growing ability to demonstrate to fellow Jews that Jesus was the Messiah. The translation “to become capable” for ἐνδυναμόω (endunamow) is given in L&N 74.7, with this specific verse as an example.

8 tn Or “was confounding.” For the translation “to cause consternation” for συγχέω (suncew) see L&N 25.221.

9 tn Or “by showing for certain.”

10 tn Grk “that this one”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

11 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.” Note again the variation in the titles used.

sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.

12 tn Grk “came down.”

13 sn Macedonia was the Roman province of Macedonia in Greece.

14 tn BDAG 971 s.v. συνέχω 6 states, “συνείχετο τῷ λόγῳ (Paul) was wholly absorbed in preaching Ac 18:5…in contrast to the activity cited in vs. 3.” The imperfect συνείχετο (suneiceto) has been translated as an ingressive imperfect (“became wholly absorbed…”), stressing the change in Paul’s activity once Silas and Timothy arrived. At this point Paul apparently began to work less and preach more.

15 tn BDAG 233 s.v. διαμαρτύρομαι 2 has “testify of, bear witness to solemnly (orig. under oath)…W. acc. and inf. foll. Ac 18:5.”

16 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.



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