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Acts 5:29-33

5:29 But Peter and the apostles replied, 1  “We must obey 2  God rather than people. 3  5:30 The God of our forefathers 4  raised up Jesus, whom you seized and killed by hanging him on a tree. 5  5:31 God exalted him 6  to his right hand as Leader 7  and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. 8  5:32 And we are witnesses of these events, 9  and so is the Holy Spirit whom God has given to those who obey 10  him.”

5:33 Now when they heard this, they became furious 11  and wanted to execute them. 12 

1 tn Grk “apostles answered and said.”

2 sn Obey. See 4:19. This response has Jewish roots (Dan 3:16-18; 2 Macc 7:2; Josephus, Ant. 17.6.3 [17.159].

3 tn Here ἀνθρώποις (anqrwpoi") has been translated as a generic noun (“people”).

4 tn Or “ancestors”; Grk “fathers.”

5 tn Or “by crucifying him” (“hang on a tree” is by the time of the first century an idiom for crucifixion). The allusion is to the judgment against Jesus as a rebellious figure, appealing to the language of Deut 21:23. The Jewish leadership has badly “misjudged” Jesus.

6 tn Grk “This one God exalted” (emphatic).

7 tn Or “Founder” (of a movement).

8 tn Or “to give repentance and forgiveness of sins to Israel.”

9 tn Or “things.” They are preaching these things even to the hostile leadership.

10 sn Those who obey. The implication, of course, is that the leadership is disobeying God.

11 sn The only other use of this verb for anger (furious) is Acts 7:54 after Stephen’s speech.

12 sn Wanted to execute them. The charge would surely be capital insubordination (Exod 22:28).

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