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Acts 5:29-32

5:29 But Peter and the apostles replied, 1  “We must obey 2  God rather than people. 3  5:30 The God of our forefathers 4  raised up Jesus, whom you seized and killed by hanging him on a tree. 5  5:31 God exalted him 6  to his right hand as Leader 7  and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. 8  5:32 And we are witnesses of these events, 9  and so is the Holy Spirit whom God has given to those who obey 10  him.”

1 tn Grk “apostles answered and said.”

2 sn Obey. See 4:19. This response has Jewish roots (Dan 3:16-18; 2 Macc 7:2; Josephus, Ant. 17.6.3 [17.159].

3 tn Here ἀνθρώποις (anqrwpoi") has been translated as a generic noun (“people”).

4 tn Or “ancestors”; Grk “fathers.”

5 tn Or “by crucifying him” (“hang on a tree” is by the time of the first century an idiom for crucifixion). The allusion is to the judgment against Jesus as a rebellious figure, appealing to the language of Deut 21:23. The Jewish leadership has badly “misjudged” Jesus.

6 tn Grk “This one God exalted” (emphatic).

7 tn Or “Founder” (of a movement).

8 tn Or “to give repentance and forgiveness of sins to Israel.”

9 tn Or “things.” They are preaching these things even to the hostile leadership.

10 sn Those who obey. The implication, of course, is that the leadership is disobeying God.

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