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Acts 5:17

Context
Further Trouble for the Apostles

5:17 Now the high priest rose up, and all those with him (that is, the religious party of the Sadducees 1 ), 2  and they were filled with jealousy. 3 

Acts 5:33

Context

5:33 Now when they heard this, they became furious 4  and wanted to execute them. 5 

Acts 6:11

Context
6:11 Then they secretly instigated 6  some men to say, “We have heard this man 7  speaking blasphemous words against Moses and God.”

Acts 13:45

Context
13:45 But when the Jews saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy, 8  and they began to contradict 9  what Paul was saying 10  by reviling him. 11 

1 sn See the note on Sadducees in 4:1.

2 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author.

3 sn Filled with jealousy. In Acts, the term “jealousy” (ζήλος, zhlos) occurs only here and in Acts 13:45. It is a key term in Judaism for religiously motivated rage (1 Macc 2:24; 1QH 14:13-15; m. Sanhedrin 9:5). It was a zeal motivated by a desire to maintain the purity of the faith.

4 sn The only other use of this verb for anger (furious) is Acts 7:54 after Stephen’s speech.

5 sn Wanted to execute them. The charge would surely be capital insubordination (Exod 22:28).

6 tn Another translation would be “they suborned” (but this term is not in common usage). “Instigate (secretly), suborn” is given by BDAG 1036 s.v. ὑποβάλλω.

7 tn Grk “heard him”; but since this is direct discourse, it is more natural (and clearer) to specify the referent (Stephen) as “this man.”

8 sn They were filled with jealousy. Their foolish response to the gospel is noted again (see Acts 5:17). The same verb is used in Acts 7:9; 17:5.

9 tn The imperfect verb ἀντέλεγον (antelegon) has been translated as an ingressive imperfect in the logical sequence of events: After they were filled with jealousy, the Jewish opponents began to contradict what Paul said.

10 tn Grk “the things being said by Paul.” For smoothness and simplicity of English style, the passive construction has been converted to active voice in the translation.

11 tn The participle βλασφημοῦντες (blasfhmounte") has been regarded as indicating the means of the action of the main verb. It could also be translated as a finite verb (“and reviled him”) in keeping with contemporary English style. The direct object (“him”) is implied rather than expressed and could be impersonal (“it,” referring to what Paul was saying rather than Paul himself), but the verb occurs more often in contexts involving defamation or slander against personal beings (not always God). For a very similar context to this one, compare Acts 18:6. The translation “blaspheme” is not used because in contemporary English its meaning is more narrowly defined and normally refers to blasphemy against God (not what Paul’s opponents were doing here). The modern term “slandering” comes close to what was being done to Paul here.



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