4:8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, 1 replied, 2 “Rulers of the people and elders, 3 4:9 if 4 we are being examined 5 today for a good deed 6 done to a sick man – by what means this man was healed 7 – 4:10 let it be known to all of you and to all the people of Israel that by the name of Jesus Christ 8 the Nazarene whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, this man stands before you healthy. 4:11 This Jesus 9 is the stone that was rejected by you, 10 the builders, that has become the cornerstone. 11 4:12 And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among people 12 by which we must 13 be saved.”
4:29 And now, Lord, pay attention to 18 their threats, and grant 19 to your servants 20 to speak your message 21 with great courage, 22 4:30 while you extend your hand to heal, and to bring about miraculous signs 23 and wonders through the name of your holy servant Jesus.” 4:31 When 24 they had prayed, the place where they were assembled together was shaken, 25 and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak 26 the word of God 27 courageously. 28
2 tn Grk “Spirit, said to them.”
3 tc The Western and Byzantine texts, as well as one or two Alexandrian witnesses, read τοῦ ᾿Ισραήλ (tou Israhl, “of Israel”) after πρεσβύτεροι (presbuteroi, “elders”; so D E Ψ 33 1739 Ï it), while most of the better witnesses, chiefly Alexandrian (Ì74 א A B 0165 1175 vg sa bo), lack this modifier. The longer reading was most likely added by scribes to give literary balance to the addressees in that “Rulers” already had an adjunct while “elders” was left absolute.
4 tn This clause is a first class condition. It assumes for the sake of argument that this is what they were being questioned about.
5 tn Or “questioned.” The Greek term ἀνακρίνω (anakrinw) points to an examination similar to a legal one.
6 tn Or “for an act of kindness.”
8 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
9 tn Grk “This one”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
10 tn The word “you” is inserted into the quotation because Peter is making a direct application of Ps 118:22 to his hearers. Because it is not in the OT, it has been left as normal type (rather than bold italic). The remarks are like Acts 2:22-24 and 3:12-15.
12 tn Here ἀνθρώποις (anqrwpoi") has been translated as a generic noun (“people”).
13 sn Must be saved. The term used here (δεῖ, dei, “it is necessary”) reflects the necessity set up by God’s directive plan.
14 tn Or “courage.”
15 tn Or “and found out.”
16 sn Uneducated does not mean “illiterate,” that is, unable to read or write. Among Jews in NT times there was almost universal literacy, especially as the result of widespread synagogue schools. The term refers to the fact that Peter and John had no formal rabbinic training and thus, in the view of their accusers, were not qualified to expound the law or teach publicly. The objection is like Acts 2:7.
17 tn For the translation of ἰδιῶται (idiwtai) as “ordinary men” see L&N 27.26.
18 tn Or “Lord, take notice of.”
19 sn Grant to your servants to speak your message with great courage. The request is not for a stop to persecution or revenge on the opponents, but for boldness (great courage) to carry out the mission of proclaiming the message of what God is doing through Jesus.
21 tn Grk “word.”
22 tn Or “with all boldness.”
23 tn The miraculous nature of these signs is implied in the context.
24 tn Grk “And when.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.
26 tn The imperfect verb has been translated as an ingressive imperfect (“began to speak”). Logical sequencing suggests that their speaking began after they were filled with the Spirit. The prayer was answered immediately.
27 tn Or “speak God’s message.”
28 tn Or “with boldness.”