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Acts 4:24-27

Context
4:24 When they heard this, they raised their voices to God with one mind 1  and said, “Master of all, 2  you who made the heaven, the earth, 3  the sea, and everything that is in them, 4:25 who said by the Holy Spirit through 4  your servant David our forefather, 5 

Why do the nations 6  rage, 7 

and the peoples plot foolish 8  things?

4:26 The kings of the earth stood together, 9 

and the rulers assembled together,

against the Lord and against his 10  Christ. 11 

4:27 “For indeed both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, assembled together in this city against 12  your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed, 13 

1 sn With one mind. Compare Acts 1:14.

2 tn Or “Lord of all.”

sn The use of the title Master of all (δεσπότης, despoths) emphasizes that there is a sovereign God who is directing what is taking place.

3 tn Grk “and the earth, and the sea,” but καί (kai) has not been translated before “the earth” and “the sea” since contemporary English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

4 tn Grk “by the mouth of” (an idiom).

5 tn Or “ancestor”; Grk “father.”

6 tn Or “Gentiles.”

7 sn The Greek word translated rage includes not only anger but opposition, both verbal and nonverbal. See L&N 88.185.

8 tn Or “futile”; traditionally, “vain.”

9 tn Traditionally, “The kings of the earth took their stand.”

10 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.

11 sn A quotation from Ps 2:1-2.

12 sn The application of Ps 2:1-2 is that Jews and Gentiles are opposing Jesus. The surprise of the application is that Jews are now found among the enemies of God’s plan.

13 sn A wordplay on “Christ,” v. 26, which means “one who has been anointed.”



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