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Acts 3:13

Context
3:13 The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, 1  the God of our forefathers, 2  has glorified 3  his servant 4  Jesus, whom you handed over and rejected 5  in the presence of Pilate after he had decided 6  to release him.

1 tc ‡ The repetition of ὁ θεός (Jo qeos, “God”) before the names of Isaac and Jacob is found in Ì74 א C (A D without article) 36 104 1175 pc lat. The omission of the second and third ὁ θεός is supported by B E Ψ 33 1739 Ï pc. The other time that Exod 3:6 is quoted in Acts (7:32) the best witnesses also lack the repeated ὁ θεός, but the three other times this OT passage is quoted in the NT the full form, with the thrice-mentioned θεός, is used (Matt 22:32; Mark 12:26; Luke 20:37). Scribes would be prone to conform the wording here to the LXX; the longer reading is thus most likely not authentic. NA27 has the words in brackets, indicating doubts as to their authenticity.

2 tn Or “ancestors”; Grk “fathers.”

sn The reference to the God of the patriarchs is a reminder that God is the God of the nation and of promises. The phrase God of our forefathers is from the Hebrew scriptures (Exod 3:6, 15-16; 4:5; see also the Jewish prayer known as “The Eighteen Benedictions”). Once again, event has led to explanation, or what is called the “sign and speech” pattern.

3 sn Has glorified. Jesus is alive, raised and active, as the healing illustrates so dramatically how God honors him.

4 sn His servant. The term servant has messianic connotations given the context of the promise, the note of suffering, and the titles and functions noted in vv. 14-15.

5 tn Or “denied,” “disowned.”

6 tn This genitive absolute construction could be understood as temporal (“when he had decided”) or concessive (“although he had decided”).



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