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Acts 2:41-47

Context
2:41 So those who accepted 1  his message 2  were baptized, and that day about three thousand people 3  were added. 4 

The Fellowship of the Early Believers

2:42 They were devoting themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, 5  to the breaking of bread and to prayer. 6  2:43 Reverential awe 7  came over everyone, 8  and many wonders and miraculous signs 9  came about by the apostles. 2:44 All who believed were together and held 10  everything in common, 2:45 and they began selling 11  their property 12  and possessions and distributing the proceeds 13  to everyone, as anyone had need. 2:46 Every day 14  they continued to gather together by common consent in the temple courts, 15  breaking bread from 16  house to house, sharing their food with glad 17  and humble hearts, 18  2:47 praising God and having the good will 19  of all the people. And the Lord was adding to their number every day 20  those who were being saved.

Acts 4:32-37

Context
Conditions Among the Early Believers

4:32 The group of those who believed were of one heart and mind, 21  and no one said that any of his possessions was his own, but everything was held in common. 22  4:33 With 23  great power the apostles were giving testimony 24  to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was on them all. 4:34 For there was no one needy 25  among them, because those who were owners of land or houses were selling 26  them 27  and bringing the proceeds from the sales 4:35 and placing them at the apostles’ feet. The proceeds 28  were distributed to each, as anyone had need. 4:36 So Joseph, a Levite who was a native of Cyprus, called by the apostles Barnabas (which is translated “son of encouragement”), 29  4:37 sold 30  a field 31  that belonged to him and brought the money 32  and placed it at the apostles’ feet.

Acts 5:12-16

Context
The Apostles Perform Miraculous Signs and Wonders

5:12 Now many miraculous signs 33  and wonders came about among the people through the hands of the apostles. By 34  common consent 35  they were all meeting together in Solomon’s Portico. 36  5:13 None of the rest dared to join them, 37  but the people held them in high honor. 38  5:14 More and more believers in the Lord were added to their number, 39  crowds of both men and women. 5:15 Thus 40  they even carried the sick out into the streets, and put them on cots and pallets, so that when Peter came by at least his shadow would fall on some of them. 5:16 A crowd of people from the towns around Jerusalem 41  also came together, bringing the sick and those troubled by unclean spirits. 42  They 43  were all 44  being healed.

Acts 6:7

Context
6:7 The word of God continued to spread, 45  the number of disciples in Jerusalem 46  increased greatly, and a large group 47  of priests became obedient to the faith.

1 tn Or “who acknowledged the truth of.”

2 tn Grk “word.”

3 tn Grk “souls” (here an idiom for the whole person).

4 tn Or “were won over.”

5 sn Fellowship refers here to close association involving mutual involvement and relationships.

6 tn Grk “prayers.” This word was translated as a collective singular in keeping with English style.

7 tn Or “Fear.”

8 tn Grk “on every soul” (here “soul” is an idiom for the whole person).

9 tn In this context the miraculous nature of these signs is implied. Cf. BDAG 920 s.v. σημεῖον 2.a.

10 tn Grk “had.”

11 tn The imperfect verb has been translated as an ingressive (“began…”). Since in context this is a description of the beginning of the community of believers, it is more likely that these statements refer to the start of various activities and practices that the early church continued for some time.

12 tn It is possible that the first term for property (κτήματα, kthmata) refers to real estate (as later usage seems to indicate) while the second term (ὑπάρξεις, Juparxeis) refers to possessions in general, but it may also be that the two terms are used together for emphasis, simply indicating that all kinds of possessions were being sold. However, if the first term is more specifically a reference to real estate, it foreshadows the incident with Ananias and Sapphira in Acts 5:1-11.

13 tn Grk “distributing them” (αὐτά, auta). The referent (the proceeds of the sales) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

14 tn BDAG 437 s.v. ἡμέρα 2.c has “every day” for this phrase.

15 tn Grk “in the temple.” This is actually a reference to the courts surrounding the temple proper, and has been translated accordingly.

16 tn Here κατά (kata) is used as a distributive (BDAG 512 s.v. B.1.d).

17 sn The term glad (Grk “gladness”) often refers to joy brought about by God’s saving acts (Luke 1:14, 44; also the related verb in 1:47; 10:21).

18 tn Grk “with gladness and humbleness of hearts.” It is best to understand καρδίας (kardias) as an attributed genitive, with the two nouns it modifies actually listing attributes of the genitive noun which is related to them.

19 tn Or “the favor.”

20 tn BDAG 437 s.v. ἡμέρα 2.c has “every day” for this phrase.

21 tn Grk “soul.”

22 tn Grk “but all things were to them in common.”

sn Everything was held in common. The remark is not a reflection of political philosophy, but of the extent of their spontaneous commitment to one another. Such a response does not have the function of a command, but is reflective of an attitude that Luke commends as evidence of their identification with one another.

23 tn Grk “And with.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

24 tn Or “were witnessing.”

25 tn Or “poor.”

26 tn Grk “houses, selling them were bringing.” The participle πωλοῦντες (pwlounte") has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

27 tn The word “them” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context, but must be supplied for the modern English reader.

28 tn Grk “It” (or “They,” plural). The referent of the understood pronoun subject, the proceeds from the sales, of the verb διεδίδετο (diedideto) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

29 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author. Note how the actions of Barnabas are in keeping with the meaning of his nickname. He stands in contrast to Ananias and Sapphira in 5:1-11.

30 tn Grk “selling a field that belonged to him, brought” The participle πωλήσας (pwlhsa") has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

31 tn Or “a farm.”

32 tn Normally a reference to actual coins (“currency”). See L&N 6.68.

33 tn The miraculous nature of these signs is implied in the context.

34 tn Grk “And by.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

35 tn Or “With one mind.”

36 tn Or “colonnade”; Grk “stoa.”

sn Solomons Portico was a covered walkway formed by rows of columns supporting a roof and open on the inner side facing the center of the temple complex. Located beside the Court of the Gentiles, it was a very public area.

37 tn Or “to associate with them.” The group was beginning to have a controversial separate identity. People were cautious about joining them. The next verse suggests that the phrase “none of the rest” in this verse is rhetorical hyperbole.

38 tn Or “the people thought very highly of them.”

39 tn Or “More and more believers were added to the Lord.”

40 tn This is a continuation of the preceding sentence in Greek, but because this would produce an awkward sentence in English, a new sentence was begun here in the translation.

41 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

42 sn Unclean spirits refers to evil spirits.

43 tn Literally a relative pronoun, “who.” In English, however, a relative clause (“bringing the sick and those troubled by unclean spirits, who were all being healed”) could be understood to refer only to the second group (meaning only those troubled by unclean spirits were being healed) or even that the unclean spirits were being healed. To avoid this ambiguity the pronoun “they” was used to begin a new English sentence.

44 sn They were all being healed. Note how the healings that the apostles provided were comprehensive in their consistency.

45 tn Grk “kept on spreading”; the verb has been translated as a progressive imperfect.

46 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

47 tn Grk “a great multitude.”

sn A large group. Many Jews, even some religious leaders, were responding.



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