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Acts 2:22-24

Context

2:22 “Men of Israel, 1  listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man clearly attested to you by God with powerful deeds, 2  wonders, and miraculous signs 3  that God performed among you through him, just as you yourselves know – 2:23 this man, who was handed over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you executed 4  by nailing him to a cross at the hands of Gentiles. 5  2:24 But God raised him up, 6  having released 7  him from the pains 8  of death, because it was not possible for him to be held in its power. 9 

Acts 2:36

Context

2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt 10  that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified 11  both Lord 12  and Christ.” 13 

1 tn Or “Israelite men,” although this is less natural English. The Greek term here is ἀνήρ (anhr), which only exceptionally is used in a generic sense of both males and females. In this context, it is conceivable that this is a generic usage, although it can also be argued that Peter’s remarks were addressed primarily to the men present, even if women were there.

2 tn Or “miraculous deeds.”

3 tn Again, the context indicates the miraculous nature of these signs, and this is specified in the translation.

4 tn Or “you killed.”

5 tn Grk “at the hands of lawless men.” At this point the term ἄνομος (anomo") refers to non-Jews who live outside the Jewish (Mosaic) law, rather than people who broke any or all laws including secular laws. Specifically it is a reference to the Roman soldiers who carried out Jesus’ crucifixion.

6 tn Grk “Whom God raised up.”

7 tn Or “having freed.”

8 sn The term translated pains is frequently used to describe pains associated with giving birth (see Rev 12:2). So there is irony here in the mixed metaphor.

9 tn Or “for him to be held by it” (in either case, “it” refers to death’s power).

10 tn Or “know for certain.” This term is in an emphatic position in the clause.

11 tn Grk “has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.” The clause has been simplified in the translation by replacing the pronoun “him” with the explanatory clause “this Jesus whom you crucified” which comes at the end of the sentence.

12 sn Lord. This looks back to the quotation of Ps 110:1 and the mention of “calling on the Lord” in 2:21. Peter’s point is that the Lord on whom one calls for salvation is Jesus, because he is the one mediating God’s blessing of the Spirit as a sign of the presence of salvation and the last days.

13 tn Or “and Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.



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