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Acts 26:11

Context
26:11 I punished 1  them often in all the synagogues 2  and tried to force 3  them to blaspheme. Because I was so furiously enraged 4  at them, I went to persecute 5  them even in foreign cities.

Acts 26:24

Context

26:24 As Paul 6  was saying these things in his defense, Festus 7  exclaimed loudly, “You have lost your mind, 8  Paul! Your great learning is driving you insane!”

1 tn Grk “and punishing…I tried.” The participle τιμωρῶν (timwrwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style. Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

2 sn See the note on synagogue in 6:9.

3 tn The imperfect verb ἠνάγκαζον (hnankazon) has been translated as a conative imperfect (so BDAG 60 s.v. ἀναγκάζω 1, which has “ἠνάγκαζον βλασφημεῖν I tried to force them to blaspheme Ac 26:11”).

4 tn Or “was so insanely angry with them.” BDAG 322 s.v. ἐμμαίνομαι states, “to be filled with such anger that one appears to be mad, be enragedπερισσῶς ἐμμαινόμενος αὐτοῖς being furiously enraged at them Ac 26:11”; L&N 88.182 s.v. ἐμμαίνομαι, “to be so furiously angry with someone as to be almost out of one’s mind – ‘to be enraged, to be infuriated, to be insanely angry’ …‘I was so infuriated with them that I even went to foreign cities to persecute them’ Ac 26:11.”

5 tn Or “I pursued them even as far as foreign cities.”

6 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Paul) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

7 sn See the note on Porcius Festus in 24:27.

8 tn On the term translated “lost your mind” see BDAG 610 s.v. μαίνομαι, which has “you’re out of your mind, you’re raving, said to one whose enthusiasm seems to have outrun better judgment 26:24.”

sn The expression “You have lost your mind” would be said to someone who speaks incredible things, in the opinion of the hearer. Paul’s mention of the resurrection (v. 23) was probably what prompted Festus to say this.



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