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Acts 22:14-16

Context
22:14 Then he said, ‘The God of our ancestors 1  has already chosen 2  you to know his will, to see 3  the Righteous One, 4  and to hear a command 5  from his mouth, 22:15 because you will be his witness 6  to all people 7  of what you have seen and heard. 22:16 And now what are you waiting for? 8  Get up, 9  be baptized, and have your sins washed away, 10  calling on his name.’ 11 

1 tn Or “forefathers”; Grk “fathers.”

sn The expression God of our ancestors is a description of the God of Israel. The God of promise was at work again.

2 tn L&N 30.89 has “‘to choose in advance, to select beforehand, to designate in advance’…‘the God of our ancestors has already chosen you to know his will’ Ac 22:14.”

3 tn Grk “and to see.” This καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

4 sn The Righteous One is a reference to Jesus Christ (Acts 3:14).

5 tn Or “a solemn declaration”; Grk “a voice.” BDAG 1071-72 s.v. φωνή 2.c states, “that which the voice gives expression to: call, cry, outcry, loud or solemn declaration (… = order, command)…Cp. 22:14; 24:21.”

6 tn Or “a witness to him.”

sn You will be his witness. See Acts 1:8; 13:31. The following reference to all people stresses all nationalities (Eph 3:7-9; Acts 9:15). Note also v. 21.

7 tn Grk “all men,” but this is a generic use of ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo").

8 tn L&N 67.121 has “to extend time unduly, with the implication of lack of decision – ‘to wait, to delay.’ νῦν τί μέλλεις… ἀναστὰς βάπτισαι ‘what are you waiting for? Get up and be baptized’ Ac 22:16.”

9 tn Grk “getting up.” The participle ἀναστάς (anasta") is an adverbial participle of attendant circumstance and has been translated as a finite verb.

10 sn The expression have your sins washed away means “have your sins purified” (the washing is figurative).

11 sn The expression calling on his name describes the confession of the believer: Acts 2:17-38, esp. v. 38; Rom 10:12-13; 1 Cor 1:2.



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