2 tn Grk “says” (a historical present).
4 tn Grk “Is it permitted for me to say” (an idiom).
5 tn Grk “He”; the referent (the officer) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
6 tn Grk “said.”
7 sn “Do you know Greek?” Paul as an educated rabbi was bilingual. Paul’s request in Greek allowed the officer to recognize that Paul was not the violent insurrectionist he thought he had arrested (see following verse). The confusion of identities reveals the degree of confusion dominating these events.