1 tn Grk “Men brothers.” In light of the compound phrase ἄνδρες ἀδελφοί (andre" adelfoi, “Men brothers”) Peter’s words are best understood as directly addressed to the males present, possibly referring specifically to the twelve (really ten at this point – eleven minus the speaker, Peter) mentioned by name in v. 13.
2 tn Grk “foretold by the mouth of.”
3 tn Or “and was chosen to have a share in this ministry.” The term λαγχάνω (lancanw) here and in 2 Pet 1:1 can be understood as referring to the process of divine choice and thus be translated, “was chosen to have.”
4 tn The referent of “this man” (Judas) was specified in the translation for clarity.
5 tn Traditionally, “with the reward of his wickedness.”
6 tn Traditionally, “falling headlong.”
7 tn Or “all his bowels.”
8 tn Grk “And this.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.
9 sn Their own language refers to Aramaic, the primary language spoken in Palestine in Jesus’ day.
10 tn Grk “that field was called.” The passive voice has been converted to active in the translation in keeping with contemporary English style.
11 tn Or “uninhabited” or “empty.”
12 sn A quotation from Ps 69:25.
13 tn Or “Let another take his office.”
sn A quotation from Ps 109:8.
14 tn The Greek term here is ἀνήρ (anhr), which only exceptionally is used in a generic sense of both males and females. In this context, where a successor to Judas is being chosen, only men were under consideration in the original historical context.
15 tn Grk “the Lord Jesus went in and out among us.” According to BDAG 294 s.v. εἰσέρχομαι 1.b.β, “ἐν παντὶ χρόνῳ ᾧ εἰσῆλθεν καὶ ἐξῆλθεν ἐφ᾿ ἡμᾶς went in and out among us = associated with us Ac 1:21.”
16 tn Here the pronoun “he” refers to Jesus.
17 tc Codex Bezae (D) and other Western witnesses have “he proposed,” referring to Peter, thus emphasizing his role above the other apostles. The Western text displays a conscious pattern of elevating Peter in Acts, and thus the singular verb here is a palpably motivated reading.
18 tn Grk “So they proposed two.” The word “candidates” was supplied in the text for clarity.
19 tn Grk “And praying, they said.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.
20 tn Grk “to take the place.”
21 tn Or “of this ministry.”
22 tn Or “the task of this service and apostleship which Judas ceased to perform.”
23 sn To go to his own place. This may well be a euphemism for Judas’ judged fate. He separated himself from them, and thus separated he would remain.
24 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the continuity with the preceding verse. Greek style often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” but English style does not.
25 tn Grk “and the lot fell on Matthias.”
26 tn Or “he was counted as one of the apostles along with the eleven.”