18:22 and when he arrived 1 at Caesarea, 2 he went up and greeted 3 the church at Jerusalem 4 and then went down to Antioch. 5
21:3 After we sighted Cyprus 6 and left it behind on our port side, 7 we sailed on to Syria and put in 8 at Tyre, 9 because the ship was to unload its cargo there.
27:5 After we had sailed across the open sea 10 off Cilicia and Pamphylia, 11 we put in 12 at Myra 13 in Lycia. 14
3 tn Grk “going up and greeting.” The participles ἀναβάς (anabas) and ἀσπασάμενος (aspasameno") are translated as finite verbs due to requirements of contemporary English style.
4 tn The words “at Jerusalem” are not in the Greek text, but are implied by the participle ἀναβάς (anabas). The expression “go up” refers almost exclusively to the direction of Jerusalem, while the corresponding “go down” (κατέβη, katebh) refers to directions away from Jerusalem. Both expressions are based on a Hebrew idiom. Assuming Jerusalem is meant, this is another indication of keeping that key church informed. If Jerusalem is not referred to here, then Caesarea is in view. Paul was trying to honor a vow, which also implies a visit to Jerusalem.
5 sn Went down to Antioch. The city of Antioch in Syria lies due north of Jerusalem. In Western languages it is common to speak of north as “up” and south as “down,” but the NT maintains the Hebrew idiom which speaks of any direction away from Jerusalem as down (since Mount Zion was thought of in terms of altitude). This marks the end of the second missionary journey which began in Acts 15:36. From Caesarea to Antioch is a journey of 280 mi (450 km).
6 sn Cyprus is a large island in the Mediterranean off the south coast of Asia Minor.
7 sn The expression left it behind on our port side here means “sailed past to the south of it” since the ship was sailing east.
9 sn Tyre was a city and seaport on the coast of Phoenicia. From Patara to Tyre was about 400 mi (640 km). It required a large cargo ship over 100 ft (30 m) long, and was a four to five day voyage.
10 tn Grk “the depths,” the deep area of a sea far enough from land that it is not protected by the coast (L&N 1.73).
11 sn Pamphylia was a province in the southern part of Asia Minor; it was west of Cilicia (see BDAG 753 s.v. Παμφυλία).
14 sn Lycia was the name of a peninsula on the southern coast of Asia Minor between Caria and Pamphylia.