14:22 They strengthened 1 the souls of the disciples and encouraged them to continue 2 in the faith, saying, “We must enter the kingdom 3 of God through many persecutions.” 4
15:32 Both Judas and Silas, who were prophets themselves, encouraged and strengthened the brothers with a long speech. 5
18:23 After he spent 6 some time there, Paul left and went through the region of Galatia 7 and Phrygia, 8 strengthening all the disciples.
1 tn Grk “to Antioch, strengthening.” Due to the length of the Greek sentence and the tendency of contemporary English to use shorter sentences, a new sentence was started here. This participle (ἐπιστηρίζοντες, episthrizonte") and the following one (παρακαλοῦντες, parakalounte") have been translated as finite verbs connected by the coordinating conjunction “and.”
2 sn And encouraged them to continue. The exhortations are like those noted in Acts 11:23; 13:43. An example of such a speech is found in Acts 20:18-35. Christianity is now characterized as “the faith.”
3 sn This reference to the kingdom of God clearly refers to its future arrival.
4 tn Or “sufferings.”
5 tn Here λόγου (logou) is singular. BDAG 599-600 s.v. λόγος 1.a.β has “in a long speech” for this phrase.
6 tn Grk “Having spent”; the participle ποιήσας (poihsas) is taken temporally.
7 sn Galatia refers to either (1) the region of the old kingdom of Galatia in the central part of Asia Minor, or (2) the Roman province of Galatia, whose principal cities in the 1st century were Ancyra and Pisidian Antioch. The exact extent and meaning of this area has been a subject of considerable controversy in modern NT studies.