12:2 He had James, the brother of John, executed with a sword. 1 12:3 When he saw that this pleased the Jews, 2 he proceeded to arrest Peter too. (This took place during the feast of Unleavened Bread.) 3
12:11 When 4 Peter came to himself, he said, “Now I know for certain that the Lord has sent his angel and rescued 5 me from the hand 6 of Herod 7 and from everything the Jewish people 8 were expecting to happen.”
12:23 Immediately an angel of the Lord 9 struck 10 Herod 11 down because he did not give the glory to God, and he was eaten by worms and died. 12
1 sn The expression executed with a sword probably refers to a beheading. James was the first known apostolic martyr (Eusebius, Eccl. Hist. 2.9.1-3). On James, not the Lord’s brother, see Luke 5:10; 6:14. This death ended a short period of peace noted in Acts 9:31 after the persecution mentioned in 8:1-3.
2 tn This could be a reference to the Jewish people (so CEV) or to the Jewish leaders (so NLT). The statement in v. 4 that Herod intended to bring Peter “out to the people” (i.e., for a public trial) may suggest the former is somewhat more likely.
3 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author.
4 tn Grk “And when.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.
5 tn Or “delivered.”
6 sn Here the hand of Herod is a metaphor for Herod’s power or control.
7 sn King Herod was Herod Agrippa I, the grandson of Herod I (Herod the Great).
11 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Herod) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
12 sn He was eaten by worms and died. Josephus, Ant. 19.8.2 (19.343-352), states that Herod Agrippa I died at Caesarea in