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Acts 10:40-42

Context
10:40 but 1  God raised him up on the third day and caused him to be seen, 2  10:41 not by all the people, but by us, the witnesses God had already chosen, 3  who ate and drank 4  with him after he rose from the dead. 10:42 He 5  commanded us to preach to the people and to warn 6  them 7  that he is the one 8  appointed 9  by God as judge 10  of the living and the dead.

1 tn The conjunction “but” is not in the Greek text, but the contrast is clearly implied in the context. This is technically asyndeton, or lack of a connective, in Greek.

2 tn Grk “and granted that he should become visible.” The literal Greek idiom is somewhat awkward in English. L&N 24.22 offers the translation “caused him to be seen” for this verse.

3 tn Or “the witnesses God had previously chosen.” See Acts 1:8.

4 sn Ate and drank. See Luke 24:35-49.

5 tn Grk “and he.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

6 tn The verb διαμαρτύρομαι (diamarturomai) can mean “warn,” and such a meaning is highly probable in this context where a reference to the judgment of both the living and the dead is present. The more general meaning “to testify solemnly” does not capture this nuance.

7 tn The word “them” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context, but must be supplied for the modern English reader.

8 tn Grk “that this one is the one,” but this is awkward in English and has been simplified to “that he is the one.”

9 tn Or “designated.” BDAG 723 s.v. ὁρίζω 2.b has “the one appointed by God as judge” for this phrase.

10 sn Jesus has divine authority as judge over the living and the dead: Acts 17:26-31; Rom 14:9; 1 Thess 5:9-10; 1 Tim 4:1; 1 Pet 4:5.



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