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Acts 10:28

10:28 He said to them, “You know that 1  it is unlawful 2  for a Jew 3  to associate with or visit a Gentile, 4  yet God has shown me that I should call no person 5  defiled or ritually unclean. 6 

1 tn Here ὡς (Jws) is used like ὅτι (Joti) to introduce indirect discourse (cf. BDAG 1105 s.v. ὡς 5).

2 tn This term is used of wanton or callously lawless acts (BDAG 24 s.v. ἀθέμιτος).

3 tn Grk “a Jewish man” (ἀνδρὶ ᾿Ιουδαίῳ, andri Ioudaiw).

4 tn Grk “a foreigner,” but in this context, “a non-Jew,” that is, a Gentile. This term speaks of intimate association (BDAG 556 s.v. κολλάω 2.b.α). On this Jewish view, see John 18:28, where a visit to a Gentile residence makes a Jewish person unclean.

5 tn This is a generic use of ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo").

6 tn Possibly there is a subtle distinction in meaning between κοινός (koinos) and ἀκάθαρτος (akaqartos) here, but according to L&N 53.39 it is difficult to determine precise differences in meaning based on existing contexts.

sn God has shown me…unclean. Peter sees the significance of his vision as not about food, but about open fellowship between Jewish Christians and Gentiles.

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