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Acts 10:15-16

10:15 The voice 1  spoke to him again, a second time, “What God has made clean, you must not consider 2  ritually unclean!” 3  10:16 This happened three times, and immediately the object was taken up into heaven. 4 

Acts 10:28

10:28 He said to them, “You know that 5  it is unlawful 6  for a Jew 7  to associate with or visit a Gentile, 8  yet God has shown me that I should call no person 9  defiled or ritually unclean. 10 

1 tn Grk “And the voice.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

2 tn Or “declare.”

3 sn For the significance of this vision see Mark 7:14-23; Rom 14:14; Eph 2:11-22. God directed this change in practice.

4 tn Or “into the sky” (the same Greek word means both “heaven” and “sky”).

5 tn Here ὡς (Jws) is used like ὅτι (Joti) to introduce indirect discourse (cf. BDAG 1105 s.v. ὡς 5).

6 tn This term is used of wanton or callously lawless acts (BDAG 24 s.v. ἀθέμιτος).

7 tn Grk “a Jewish man” (ἀνδρὶ ᾿Ιουδαίῳ, andri Ioudaiw).

8 tn Grk “a foreigner,” but in this context, “a non-Jew,” that is, a Gentile. This term speaks of intimate association (BDAG 556 s.v. κολλάω 2.b.α). On this Jewish view, see John 18:28, where a visit to a Gentile residence makes a Jewish person unclean.

9 tn This is a generic use of ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo").

10 tn Possibly there is a subtle distinction in meaning between κοινός (koinos) and ἀκάθαρτος (akaqartos) here, but according to L&N 53.39 it is difficult to determine precise differences in meaning based on existing contexts.

sn God has shown me…unclean. Peter sees the significance of his vision as not about food, but about open fellowship between Jewish Christians and Gentiles.

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