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2 Samuel 8:3-4

Context
8:3 David defeated King Hadadezer son of Rehob of Zobah when he came to reestablish 1  his authority 2  over the Euphrates 3  River. 8:4 David seized from him 1,700 charioteers 4  and 20,000 infantrymen. David cut the hamstrings of all but a hundred of the chariot horses. 5 

2 Samuel 8:13

Context

8:13 David became famous 6  when he returned from defeating the Arameans 7  in the Valley of Salt, he defeated 8  18,000 in all.

1 tc The LXX has ἐπιστῆσαι (episthsai, “cause to stand”). See the parallel text in 1 Chr 18:3.

2 tn Heb “hand.”

3 tn The MT does not have the name “Euphrates” in the text. It is supplied in the margin (Qere) as one of ten places where the Masoretes believed that something was “to be read although it was not written” in the text as they had received it. The ancient versions (LXX, Syriac Peshitta, Vulgate) include the word. See also the parallel text in 1 Chr 18:3.

4 tc The LXX has “one thousand chariots and seven thousand charioteers,” a reading adopted in the text of the NIV. See the parallel text in 1 Chr 18:4.

5 tn Heb “and David cut the hamstrings of all the chariot horses, and he left from them a hundred chariot horses.”

6 tn Heb “made a name.”

7 tn So NASB, NCV; NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT “Edomites” (see the note on “Aram” in v. 12).

8 tn The words “he defeated” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.



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