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2 Samuel 5:17-25

Context
Conflict with the Philistines

5:17 When the Philistines heard that David had been designated 1  king over Israel, they all 2  went up to search for David. When David heard about it, he went down to the fortress. 5:18 Now the Philistines had arrived and spread out in the valley of Rephaim. 5:19 So David asked the Lord, “Should I march up against the Philistines? Will you hand them over to me?” The Lord said to David, “March up, for I will indeed 3  hand the Philistines over to you.”

5:20 So David marched against Baal Perazim and defeated them there. Then he said, “The Lord has burst out against my enemies like water bursts out.” So he called the name of that place Baal Perazim. 4  5:21 The Philistines 5  abandoned their idols 6  there, and David and his men picked them up.

5:22 The Philistines again came up and spread out in the valley of Rephaim. 5:23 So David asked the Lord what he should do. 7  This time 8  the Lord 9  said to him, “Don’t march straight up. Instead, circle around behind them and come against them opposite the trees. 10  5:24 When you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the trees, act decisively. For at that moment the Lord is going before you to strike down the army 11  of the Philistines.” 5:25 David did just as the Lord commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines from Gibeon all the way to Gezer. 12 

2 Samuel 8:1

Context
David Subjugates Nearby Nations

8:1 Later David defeated the Philistines and subdued them. David took Metheg Ammah 13  from the Philistines. 14 

1 tn Heb “anointed.”

2 tn Heb “all the Philistines.”

3 tn The infinitive absolute lends emphasis to the following verb.

4 tn The name means “Lord of the outbursts.”

5 tn Heb “they”; the referent (the Philistines) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6 tc For “idols” the LXX and Vulgate have “gods.”

7 tn The words “what to do” are not in the Hebrew text.

8 tn The words “this time” are not in the Hebrew text.

9 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the Lord) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

10 tn Some translate as “balsam trees” (cf. NASB, NIV, NRSV, NJB, NLT); cf. KJV, NKJV, ASV “mulberry trees”; NAB “mastic trees”; NEB, REB “aspens.” The exact identification of the type of tree or plant is uncertain.

11 tn Heb “camp” (so NAB).

12 tn Heb “from Gibeon until you enter Gezer.”

13 tn Heb “the bridle of one cubit.” Many English versions treat this as a place name because the parallel text in 1 Chr 18:1 reads “Gath” (which is used by NLT here). It is possible that “the bridle of one cubit” is to be understood as “the token of surrender,” referring to the Philistine’s defeat rather than a specific place (cf. TEV, CEV).

14 tn Heb “from the hand [i.e., control] of the Philistines.”



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