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2 Samuel 3:7

Context
3:7 Now Saul had a concubine named Rizpah daughter of Aiah. Ish-bosheth 1  said to Abner, “Why did you have sexual relations with 2  my father’s concubine?” 3 

2 Samuel 21:8

Context
21:8 So the king took Armoni and Mephibosheth, the two sons of Aiah’s daughter Rizpah whom she had born to Saul, and the five sons of Saul’s daughter Merab 4  whom she had born to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.

2 Samuel 21:10-11

Context

21:10 Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth and spread it out for herself on a rock. From the beginning of the harvest until the rain fell on them, 5  she did not allow the birds of the air to feed 6  on them by day, nor the wild animals 7  by night. 21:11 When David was told what Rizpah daughter of Aiah, Saul’s concubine, had done,

1 tc The Hebrew of the MT reads simply “and he said,” with no expressed subject for the verb. It is not likely that the text originally had no expressed subject for this verb, since the antecedent is not immediately clear from the context. We should probably restore to the Hebrew text the name “Ish-bosheth.” See a few medieval Hebrew mss, Aquila, Symmachus, Theodotion, and Vulgate. Perhaps the name was accidentally omitted by homoioarcton. Note that both the name Ishbosheth and the following preposition אֶל (’el) begin with the letter alef.

2 tn Heb “come to”; KJV, NRSV “gone in to”; NAB “been intimate with”; NIV “sleep with.”

3 sn This accusation against Abner is a very serious one, since an act of sexual infringement on the king’s harem would probably have been understood as a blatant declaration of aspirations to kingship. As such it was not merely a matter of ethical impropriety but an act of grave political significance as well.

4 tc The MT reads “Michal” here, but two Hebrew manuscripts read “Merab,” along with some LXX manuscripts. Cf. 1 Sam 18:19.

5 tn Heb “until water was poured on them from the sky.”

6 tn Heb “rest.”

7 tn Heb “the beasts of the field.”



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