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2 Samuel 19:40-43

Context
19:40 When the king crossed over to Gilgal, Kimham 1  crossed over with him. Now all the soldiers 2  of Judah along with half of the soldiers of Israel had helped the king cross over. 3 

19:41 Then all the men of Israel began coming to the king. They asked the king, “Why did our brothers, the men of Judah, sneak the king away and help the king and his household cross the Jordan – and not only him but all of David’s men as well?”

19:42 All the men of Judah replied to the men of Israel, “Because the king is our close relative! Why are you so upset about this? Have we eaten at the king’s expense? 4  Or have we misappropriated anything for our own use?” 19:43 The men of Israel replied to the men of Judah, “We have ten shares in the king, and we have a greater claim on David than you do! Why do you want 5  to curse us? Weren’t we the first to suggest bringing back our king?” But the comments of the men of Judah were more severe than those of the men of Israel.

1 tn The MT in this instance alone spells the name with final ן (nun, “Kimhan”) rather than as elsewhere with final ם (mem, “Kimham”). As in most other translations, the conventional spelling (with ם) has been used here to avoid confusion.

2 tn Heb “people.”

3 tc The translation follows the Qere and many medieval Hebrew mss in reading the Hiphil verb הֶעֱבִירוּ (heeviru, “they caused to pass over”) rather than the Qal verb וַיְעֱבִרוּ (vayÿviru, “they crossed over”) of the MT.

4 tn Heb “from the king.”

5 tn The translation understands the verb in a desiderative sense, indicating the desire but not necessarily the completed action of the party in question. It is possible, however, that the verb should be given the more common sense of accomplished action, in which case it means here “Why have you cursed us?”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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