25:23 All of the officers of the Judahite army 1 and their troops heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah to govern. So they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. The officers who came were Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite.
2 Kings 25:25Context
25:25 But in the seventh month 2 Ishmael son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, who was a member of the royal family, 3 came with ten of his men and murdered Gedaliah, 4 as well as the Judeans and Babylonians who were with him at Mizpah.
1 tn Heb “of the army.” The word “Judahite” has been supplied in the translation for clarity.
2 sn It is not altogether clear whether this is in the same year that Jerusalem fell or not. The wall was breached in the fourth month (= early July; Jer 39:2) and Nebuzaradan came and burned the palace, the temple, and many of the houses and tore down the wall in the fifth month (= early August; Jer 52:12). That would have left time between the fifth month and the seventh month (October) to gather in the harvest of grapes, dates and figs, and olives (Jer 40:12). However, many commentators feel that too much activity takes place in too short a time for this to have been in the same year and posit that it happened the following year or even five years later when a further deportation took place, possibly in retaliation for the murder of Gedaliah and the Babylonian garrison at Mizpah (Jer 52:30). The assassination of Gedaliah had momentous consequences and was commemorated in one of the post exilic fast days lamenting the fall of Jerusalem (Zech 8:19).
3 tn Heb “[was] from the seed of the kingdom.”
4 tn Heb “and they struck down Gedaliah and he died.”