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2 Kings 23:29-35

Context
23:29 During Josiah’s reign Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt marched toward 1  the Euphrates River to help the king of Assyria. King Josiah marched out to fight him, but Necho 2  killed him at Megiddo 3  when he saw him. 23:30 His servants transported his dead body 4  from Megiddo in a chariot and brought it to Jerusalem, where they buried him in his tomb. The people of the land took Josiah’s son Jehoahaz, poured olive oil on his head, 5  and made him king in his father’s place.

Jehoahaz’s Reign over Judah

23:31 Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. 6  His mother 7  was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah, from Libnah. 23:32 He did evil in the sight of 8  the Lord as his ancestors had done. 9  23:33 Pharaoh Necho imprisoned him in Riblah in the land of Hamath and prevented him from ruling in Jerusalem. 10  He imposed on the land a special tax 11  of one hundred talents 12  of silver and a talent of gold. 23:34 Pharaoh Necho made Josiah’s son Eliakim king in Josiah’s place, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. He took Jehoahaz to Egypt, where he died. 13  23:35 Jehoiakim paid Pharaoh the required amount of silver and gold, but to meet Pharaoh’s demands Jehoiakim had to tax the land. He collected an assessed amount from each man among the people of the land in order to pay Pharaoh Necho. 14 

1 tn Heb “went up to.” The idiom עַלעָלָה (’alah …’al) can sometimes mean “go up against,” but here it refers to Necho’s attempt to aid the Assyrians in their struggle with the Babylonians.

2 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Necho) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 map For location see Map1 D4; Map2 C1; Map4 C2; Map5 F2; Map7 B1.

4 tn Heb “him, dead.”

5 tn Or “anointed him.”

6 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

7 tn Heb “the name of his mother.”

8 tn Heb “in the eyes of.”

9 tn Heb “according to all which his fathers had done.”

10 tc The consonantal text (Kethib) has “when [he was] ruling in Jerusalem,” but the marginal reading (Qere), which has support from Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic, and Latin witnesses, has “[preventing him] from ruling in Jerusalem.”

11 tn Or “fine.”

12 tn The Hebrew term כִּכָּר (kikkar, “circle”) refers generally to something that is round. When used of metals it can refer to a disk-shaped weight made of the metal or to a standard unit of weight, generally regarded as a talent. Since the accepted weight for a talent of metal is about 75 pounds, this would have amounted to about 7,500 pounds of silver and 75 pounds of gold (cf. NCV, NLT); CEV “almost four tons of silver and about seventy-five pounds of gold.”

13 tn Heb “and he took Jehoahaz, and he came to Egypt and he died there.”

14 tn Heb “And the silver and the gold Jehoiakim gave to Pharaoh, but he taxed the land to give the silver at the command of Pharaoh, [from] each according to his tax he collected the silver and the gold, from the people of the land, to give to Pharaoh Necho.”



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