17:29 But each of these nations made 1 its own gods and put them in the shrines on the high places that the people of Samaria 2 had made. Each nation did this in the cities where they lived. 17:30 The people from Babylon made Succoth Benoth, 3 the people from Cuth made Nergal, 4 the people from Hamath made Ashima, 5 17:31 the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, 6 and the Sepharvites burned their sons in the fire as an offering to Adrammelech and Anammelech, 7 the gods of Sepharvaim. 17:32 At the same time they worshiped 8 the Lord. They appointed some of their own people to serve as priests in the shrines on the high places. 9
1 sn The verb “make” refers to the production of idols. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 210-11.
2 tn Heb “Samaritans.” This refers to the Israelites who had been deported from the land.
3 sn No deity is known by the name Succoth Benoth in extant Mesopotamian literature. For speculation as to the identity of this deity, see M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 211.
4 sn Nergal was a Mesopotamian god of the underworld.
5 sn This deity is unknown in extra-biblical literature. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 211-12.
6 sn Nibhaz and Tartak were two Elamite deities. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 212.
7 sn Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of the Sepharvaim are unknown in extra-biblical literature. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 212.
8 tn Heb “feared.”
9 tn Heb “and they appointed for themselves from their whole people priests for the high places and they were serving for them in the house[s] of the high places.”