17:16 They abandoned all the commandments of the Lord their God; they made two metal calves and an Asherah pole, bowed down to all the stars in the sky, 1 and worshiped 2 Baal. 17:17 They passed their sons and daughters through the fire, 3 and practiced divination and omen reading. They committed themselves to doing evil in the sight of the Lord and made him angry. 4
1 tn The phrase כָל צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם (khol tsÿva’ hashamayim), traditionally translated “all the host of heaven,” refers to the heavenly lights, including stars and planets. In 1 Kgs 22:19 these heavenly bodies are pictured as members of the Lord’s royal court or assembly, but many other texts view them as the illegitimate objects of pagan and Israelite worship.
2 tn Or “served.”
4 tn Heb “they sold themselves to doing what was evil in the eyes of the