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2 Corinthians 6:14-18

Context
Unequal Partners

6:14 Do not become partners 1  with those who do not believe, for what partnership is there between righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship does light have with darkness? 6:15 And what agreement does Christ have with Beliar? 2  Or what does a believer share in common with an unbeliever? 6:16 And what mutual agreement does the temple of God have with idols? For we are 3  the temple of the living God, just as God said, “I will live in them 4  and will walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people.” 5  6:17 Therefore “come out from their midst, and be separate,” says the Lord, “and touch no unclean thing, 6  and I will welcome 7  you, 8  6:18 and I will be a father to you, and you will be my sons and daughters,” 9  says the All-Powerful Lord. 10 

1 tn Or “Do not be mismatched.”

2 sn The Greek term Βελιάρ (Beliar) is a spelling variant for Βελιάλ (Belial, see Judg 20:13 LXX). It occurs only here in the NT. Beliar is a reference to Satan.

3 tc Most witnesses, including some important ones (Ì46 א2 C D2 F G Ψ 0209 Ï lat sy Tert), read ὑμεῖςἐστε (Jumei"este, “you are”) instead of ἡμεῖςἐσμεν (Jhmei"esmen, “we are”) here, but several other early and important mss (א* B D* L P 0243 6 33 81 326 365 1175 1739 1881 2464 co Cl Or) have ἡμεῖςἐσμεν. The external evidence is somewhat in favor of the first person pronoun and verb; the internal evidence weighs in even stronger. In light of the parallel in 1 Cor 3:16, where Paul uses ἐστε (“you are the temple of God”), as well as the surrounding context here in which the second person verb or pronoun is used in vv. 14, 17, and 18, the second person reading seems obviously motivated. The first person reading can explain the rise of the other reading, but the reverse is not as easily done. Consequently, the first person reading of ἡμεῖςἐσμεν has all the credentials of authenticity.

4 tn Or “live among them,” “live with them.”

sn I will live in them. The OT text that lies behind this passage (Lev 26:11-12) speaks of God dwelling in the midst of his people. The Greek preposition en in the phrase en autoi" (“in them”) can also have that meaning (“among” or “with”). However, Paul appears to be extending the imagery here to involve God (as the Spirit) dwelling in his people, since he calls believers “the temple of the living God” in the previous clause, imagery he uses elsewhere in his writings (1 Cor 3:16; Eph 2:21-22).

5 sn A quotation from Lev 26:12; also similar to Jer 32:38; Ezek 37:27.

6 sn A quotation from Isa 52:11.

7 tn Or “will receive.”

8 sn A paraphrased quotation from Ezek 20:41.

9 sn A paraphrased quotation from 2 Sam 7:14 and Isa 43:6.

10 tn Traditionally, “the Lord Almighty.” BDAG 755 s.v. παντοκράτωρ states, “the Almighty, All-Powerful, Omnipotent (One) only of God…κύριος π. (oft. LXX) 2 Cor 6:18.”



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