25:17 After King Amaziah of Judah consulted with his advisers, 1 he sent this message to the king of Israel, Joash son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, “Come, face me on the battlefield.” 2 25:18 King Joash of Israel sent this message back to King Amaziah of Judah, “A thorn bush in Lebanon sent this message to a cedar in Lebanon, ‘Give your daughter to my son as a wife.’ Then a wild animal of Lebanon came by and trampled down the thorn bush. 3 25:19 You defeated Edom 4 and it has gone to your head. 5 Gloat over your success, 6 but stay in your palace. Why bring calamity on yourself? Why bring down yourself and Judah along with you?” 7
25:20 But Amaziah did not heed the warning, 8 for God wanted to hand them over to Joash because they followed the gods of Edom. 9 25:21 So King Joash of Israel attacked. He and King Amaziah of Judah faced each other on the battlefield 10 in Beth Shemesh of Judah. 25:22 Judah was defeated by Israel, and each man ran back home. 11 25:23 King Joash of Israel captured King Amaziah of Judah, son of Joash son of Jehoahaz, in Beth Shemesh and brought him to Jerusalem. He broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate – a distance of about six hundred feet. 12 25:24 He took away all the gold and silver, all the items found in God’s temple that were in the care of Obed-Edom, the riches in the royal palace, and some hostages. Then he went back to Samaria.
1 tn The words “with his advisers” are supplied in the translation for clarification.
3 sn The thorn bush in the allegory is Judah. Amaziah’s success had deceived him into thinking he was on the same level as the major powers in the area (symbolized by the cedar). In reality he was not capable of withstanding an attack by a real military power such as Israel (symbolized by the wild animal).
4 tn Heb “you say [to yourself], ‘look, you have defeated Edom.’”
5 tn Heb “and your heart is lifted up.”
6 tn Heb “to glorify.”
7 tn Heb “Why get involved in calamity and fall, you and Judah with you?”
8 tn Heb “did not listen.”
9 tn Heb “because it was from God in order to give them into the hand because they sought the gods of Edom.”
11 tn Heb “and Judah was struck down before Israel and they fled, each to his tent.”
12 tn Heb “400 cubits.” Assuming a cubit of 18 inches (45 cm), the distance would have been about 600 feet (180 m).