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2 Chronicles 20:3-12

Context
20:3 Jehoshaphat was afraid, so he decided to seek the Lord’s advice. 1  He decreed that all Judah should observe a fast. 20:4 The people of Judah 2  assembled to ask for the Lord’s help; 3  they came from all the cities of Judah to ask for the Lord’s help. 4 

20:5 Jehoshaphat stood before the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem 5  at the Lord’s temple, in front of the new courtyard. 20:6 He prayed: “O Lord God of our ancestors, 6  you are the God who lives in heaven 7  and rules over all the kingdoms of the nations. You possess strength and power; no one can stand against you. 20:7 Our God, you drove out 8  the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel and gave it as a permanent possession 9  to the descendants of your friend 10  Abraham. 20:8 They settled down in it and built in it a temple 11  to honor you, 12  saying, 20:9 ‘If disaster comes on us in the form of military attack, 13  judgment, plague, or famine, we will stand in front of this temple before you, for you are present in this temple. 14  We will cry out to you for help in our distress, so that you will 15  hear and deliver us.’ 20:10 Now the Ammonites, Moabites, and men from Mount Seir are coming! 16  When Israel came from the land of Egypt, you did not allow them to invade these lands. 17  They bypassed them and did not destroy them. 20:11 Look how they are repaying us! They come to drive us out of our allotted land which you assigned to us! 20:12 Our God, will you not judge them? For we are powerless against this huge army that attacks us! We don’t know what we should do; we look to you for help.” 18 

1 tn Heb “and he set his face to seek the Lord.”

2 tn The words “the people of” are supplied in the translation for clarity. The Hebrew text uses the name “Judah” by metonymy for the people of Judah.

3 tn Heb “to seek from the Lord.” The verb here (בָּקַשׁ, baqash) is different from the one translated “seek” in v. 3 (דָּרַשׁ, darash).

4 tn Heb “to seek the Lord.” The verb here (ָָבּקַשׁ, baqash) is different from the one translated “seek” in v. 3 (דָּרַשׁ, darash).

5 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

6 tn Heb “fathers” (also in v. 33).

7 tn Heb “are you not God in heaven?” The rhetorical question expects the answer “yes,” resulting in the positive statement “you are the God who lives in heaven” employed in the translation.

8 tn Heb “did you not drive out?” This is another rhetorical question which expects a positive response; see the note on the word “heaven” in the previous verse.

9 tn Heb “permanently.”

10 tn Or perhaps “your covenantal partner.” See Isa 41:8.

11 tn Or “sanctuary.”

12 tn Heb “for your name.” The word “name” sometimes refers to one’s reputation or honor (thus the translation here, “to honor you).

13 tn Heb “sword.”

14 tn Heb “for your name is in this house.” The “name” of the Lord sometimes designates the Lord himself, being indistinguishable from the proper name. In this case the temple is referred to as a “house” where the Lord himself can reside.

15 tn Or “so that you may.”

16 tn Heb “now, look, the sons of Ammon, Moab and Mount Seir.”

17 tn Heb “whom you did not allow Israel to enter when they came from the land of Egypt.”

18 tn Heb “for [or “indeed”] upon you are our eyes.”



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