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2 Samuel 8:3

Context
8:3 David defeated King Hadadezer son of Rehob of Zobah when he came to reestablish 1  his authority 2  over the Euphrates 3  River.

2 Samuel 8:12-13

Context
8:12 including 4  Aram, 5  Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, and Amelek. This also included some of the plunder taken from 6  King Hadadezer son of Rehob of Zobah.

8:13 David became famous 7  when he returned from defeating the Arameans 8  in the Valley of Salt, he defeated 9  18,000 in all.

1 tc The LXX has ἐπιστῆσαι (episthsai, “cause to stand”). See the parallel text in 1 Chr 18:3.

2 tn Heb “hand.”

3 tn The MT does not have the name “Euphrates” in the text. It is supplied in the margin (Qere) as one of ten places where the Masoretes believed that something was “to be read although it was not written” in the text as they had received it. The ancient versions (LXX, Syriac Peshitta, Vulgate) include the word. See also the parallel text in 1 Chr 18:3.

4 tn Heb “from.”

5 tc The present translation follows the MT; a few Hebrew mss along with the LXX and Syriac read “Edom” (cf. 2 Sam 8:14 and 1 Chr 18:11). Many modern English versions read “Edom” here (e.g., NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT).

6 tn Heb “and from the plunder of.”

7 tn Heb “made a name.”

8 tn So NASB, NCV; NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT “Edomites” (see the note on “Aram” in v. 12).

9 tn The words “he defeated” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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