23:8 These are the names of David’s warriors:
Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite, was head of the officers. 1 He killed eight hundred men with his spear in one battle. 2 23:9 Next in command 3 was Eleazar son of Dodo, 4 the son of Ahohi. He was one of the three warriors who were with David when they defied the Philistines who were assembled there for battle. When the men of Israel retreated, 5
1 tn The Hebrew word is sometimes rendered as “the three,” but BDB is probably correct in taking it to refer to military officers (BDB 1026 s.v. שְׁלִישִׁי). In that case the etymological connection of this word to the Hebrew numerical adjective for “three” can be explained as originating with a designation for the third warrior in a chariot.
2 tc The translation follows some LXX
3 tn Heb “after him.”
4 tc This follows the Qere and many medieval Hebrew
5 tn Heb “went up.”